What is the Difference between the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day?

What is the Difference between the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day?

While Sunday is the traditional day of worship for Christians, many still remain uncomfortable over the issue of the Sabbath day. This is due to a common error that Sabbath was the day of worship. Groups such as the Seventh Day Adventists hold that God requires the church service to be held on the Sabbath day which is Saturday, the seventh day of the week. But is that really what the Sabbath command was?

In this article, I would like to tackle several of the questions and possible confusions Christians may have in reference to the 4th commandment of God found in Exodus 20:8-11, repeated in Deuteronomy 5:12-15. Are Christians required to observe the Sabbath? Was the Sabbath changed from Saturday to Sunday?

What is the Sabbath Day?

The word “Sabbath” comes from a Hebrew verb which means “to cease, stop, rest and to come to an end.” Based on this definition of the word, the Sabbath Day was a day “to cease from work.” The institution of the Sabbath had its origin in Genesis 2:2-3 which states that on the seventh day God rested after finishing His work of creation; God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it because in it He rested from all His work.

The important thing to note here is that no commandment is made in this text. Although God rested and observed the Sabbath, nothing is said about Sabbath observance and worship. The seventh day isn’t even called the Sabbath but is differentiated and set apart (sanctified) from the other six creation days. God designed that the seventh day would be a special memorial to His creation and its original perfection.What is the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord's Day

The Sabbath was not given to man till 2500 years later in Exodus 20:8-10. Throughout the book of Genesis there is no record of any Sabbath observance on the part of men, no mention of Sabbath being a day of worship. There is no record that Abraham, Isaac, Jacob or Joseph and the other patriarchs observed the Sabbath. Even after the flood when God gave some commands to Noah and his sons (Genesis 9), nothing is said about Sabbath observance.

The first mention of Sabbath in some significant way is in Exodus 16:22-26 when God feeds the people manna from heaven as they wander in the wilderness, and manna comes every day except the Sabbath day. God was preparing His people for the Sabbath command they would soon be given. Because in the 20th chapter of Exodus, God gave the Ten Commandments and in it the law for the Sabbath day has been given for the first time (Exodus 20:8-11). Israel was to treat the seventh day as holy because God had done so, and had declared it to be so.

The Observance of the Sabbath under the Law 

The fourth commandment is not just a requirement to keep the Sabbath but more of an instruction to keep the Sabbath holy (Exodus 16:23; 20:8). Because God designated and declared the Sabbath day as a holy day, keeping it involves much more than abstinence from labor; it requires acknowledging it as a sacred and sanctified day because of God’s deeds and declaration.

It also instructs each Israelite to plan and to finish his week’s work by the Sabbath. It deals with the problem of men not wishing to stop what they’re doing because they have not finished by instructing them to plan to finish by the end of the sixth day, and to see to it that they do finish.

What is the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord's Day

What’s the punishment for Sabbath-breakers? Death! Anyone who breaks the Sabbath is to be put to death (Exodus 31:14; 35:2). In Numbers 15:32-36 we read of the man who was found gathering sticks on the Sabbath to build fire and was stoned to death. (See also Exodus 35:2-3.) This tells us how serious God is about Sabbath-keeping.

What is the Lord’s Day? 

In the New Testament, Revelation 1:10 is the only verse which refers to Sunday as “the Lord’s Day,” However, it is noteworthy that the apostolic Church kept Sunday, the Lord’s day, as a day of fellowship and worship (Acts 20:7). But why Sunday and why is it called the Lord’s day? Because Sunday, the first day of the week, was when Jesus rose from the dead (Mark 16:9).

Beginning with the first resurrection Sunday, the Lord Jesus seemed to “train” His disciples to gather together on the first day of the week. Since that time, believers have gathered on the first day of the week to celebrate His victory over sin and death (1 Corinthians 16:2). Also, the Church was born at Pentecost which fell on a Sunday, fifty days after Christ rose from the dead.

What is the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord's Day

There is no verse in the Bible that commands believers to worship on the first day of the week but we do this simply because this has been the practice of Christians from the very beginning, based upon the life-changing fact of Jesus’ resurrection from the dead. The early Christians continued to meet regularly on the first day of the week, not on the Sabbath (Saturday).

Was the Sabbath Changed from the Seventh Day to the First Day?

Contrary to the claim of many Sabbatarians that Sunday worship was not instituted until the fourth century, the early church fathers, from Ignatius to Augustine, taught that the Old Testament Sabbath had been abolished and that the first day of the week (Sunday) was the day when Christians should meet for worship (See “From Sabbath to Lord’s Day” by D.A. Carson for further study).

Sunday has never replaced Saturday as the Sabbath. The Sabbath day that the Bible speaks about in Exodus 20:8-11 has nothing to do with worship and sacrifice. The Sabbath command was to do no work on the Sabbath day and nowhere in Scripture is the Sabbath day commanded to be the day of worship.

*Recommended Resource: From Sabbath to Lord’s Day by D.A. Carson

The Lord’s day is not a direct counterpart to the Jewish Sabbath and the Sabbath day was not changed from the seventh day to the first day. “Sunday is not the Christian Sabbath” and it’s not biblically correct to refer to Sunday as the Sabbath because nowhere in Scripture is the first day of the week referred to as the Sabbath.

While the Lord’s day is the day of sacrifice, worship and fellowship, the Old Testament Sabbath as mentioned earlier was a day of rest; it was a day when beasts of burden, slaves and humans all rested. It was not associated with temple attendance or any religious observance.

What is the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord's Day

While some assume that the Lord’s Day in the New Testament is the equivalent of the Sabbath, the Sabbath was given to Israel as a sign of their covenant with God (Exodus 31:13, 17). It was a perpetual reminder to Israel of their separation unto God. Their keeping of the Sabbath would help distinguish them from the heathen (other nations) around them. The Sabbath day was also instituted by God for the nation of Israel to commemorate His deliverance of them from Egypt (Deuteronomy 5:15).

Sunday has not replaced Saturday as the Sabbath. Rather, the Lord’s day is a time for believers to gather and commemorate Jesus’ resurrection, which occurred on the first day of the week.

Are Christians Required to Keep the Sabbath?

Although God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, that does not mean that He requires all of His people to rest on it. Because if He did then we should by all means keep it, even if we have to adjust our work schedules and sacrifice our time with our families. If the effect on our lives is so great, we have to make sure we’re getting this right according to what God really commands. Is the command clear enough to require Christians to lose their jobs and suffer financially? Because if God does not require the Sabbath, then it would be wrong to put this unnecessary burden on anyone.

Some may argue that Jesus and the first Jewish Christians kept the Sabbath (Luke 4:16; Acts 13:14, 17:1-2, 18:1-4) so we must do the same. We have to understand that Jesus was born under the law so He kept all the Jewish laws and kept them perfectly. But Jesus rejected a strict legalistic interpretation of the Old Testament commandment. He said Sabbath observance was not a duty that mankind owed to God. Rather, the Sabbath was made by God as a day of rest for man (Mark 2:27).

The first Christians were predominantly Jews and still adhered to the Mosaic and Jewish Laws so when Gentiles began to convert to Christianity, it created a dilemma among the Jewish Christians. There arose some disputes about whether the Gentile Christians had to observe the Jewish laws about dietary restrictions, circumcision, Sabbath observance, etc.

At the Council of Jerusalem, Paul, Peter, James and other Church leaders decided, with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, that Sabbath observance was not one of the commands they felt necessary for Gentile believers to keep (Acts 15:19-20, 28-29).

What is the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord's Day

If Christians were to observe the Sabbath day, the apostles would have clearly taught the Gentile believers who obviously did not have any idea about Sabbath-keeping. If the Sabbath is important, why is it that the New Testament never repeats the command? The apostle Paul had a lot to say about how Christians must conduct themselves and lists numerous sins that can keep a person out of the kingdom of God, but he never mentions the Sabbath.

On the contrary, Paul rebukes the Galatians for thinking God expected them to observe special days, which includes the Sabbath (Galatians 4:10-11). Paul also writes in Colossians 2:16-17 that monthly rituals, eating and drinking restrictions and the celebration of annual festivals should not be the basis for judging other believers. Paul is saying that Christians are not to say it is wrong for other Christians to be working on the Sabbath and they in return should not let anyone make them feel guilty for what they do on the Sabbath.

The reason for this is, these rituals are just a shadow of the things that are yet to come, which is found in Christ. Similarly, Romans 14:5-6 makes it clear that Sabbath-keeping is a matter of spiritual freedom, not a command from God. If a Christian feel he is being led to practice Sabbath-keeping, that is, not working on Saturdays, he may do so but should not judge those who do not keep the Sabbath.

What is the True Way to Keep the Sabbath Day?

There is a Sabbath rest for the people of God whereby believers need to rest and to cease from their own works (Hebrews 4:9-10) in order to allow the living God to work in and through them (Hebrews 13:21). But this Sabbath rest is not for Saturday or Sunday – it is for every day of the week. We do not just come into the presence of God and rest in His peace once a week on Sunday (Lord’s day) but we can come to Him every day.

What is the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord's Day

Final Thoughts

There is absolutely nothing wrong with worshiping on Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath. In fact, we should worship God every day. Not only on Saturday or Sunday. Many churches today have both Saturday and Sunday services, some even hold worship services every day for church members who need to work on Saturday and Sunday.

Christians are in no way obligated to keep the Sabbath command in the Old Testament because they are no longer under the Law, but the principle of keeping one day in a week and making it holy unto the Lord has not changed. Christians should still follow the pattern of designating one day of the week to gather in worship. Six days we work and earn our living, and we designate one day holy unto the Lord to gather in worship, but we do not refer to this as the Sabbath.

 

51 Replies to “What is the Difference between the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day?”

  1. The Sabbath and The Lord’s Day, people have different revelations and interpretation of this two. But it is clear that the two days are different. Whether one should worship on the Sabbath is another whole lot of debate. We all follow the same bible but get different interpretations but so long as we observe God’s word and respect each other’s beliefs then we will all leave harmoniously.

    1. Hello Anita, thanks for stopping by.

      You’re right; people claim to have different revelations with regards to the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day that is why they also have come up with different interpretations. But as you said, to worship on Saturday or Sunday or any day of the week is a choice. After all, what matters is we give at least one day to the Lord each week.

      This is exactly my point towards the end of the article. After all, the day Christians choose to worship God and offer sacrifices to Him has no bearing on their salvation. We are saved by grace through faith in the Lord Jesus, not by works so that no one can boast (Ephesians 2:8-9).

      Blessings to you.

  2. Great post and good info.

    I never knew the difference, I’m catholic but not too much into it.

    I’m sure my wife does, so I will show her this and believe me, I will get a good lesson from her.

    I don’t know, it is off topic, but do you believe that after death you go to the heaven but you need to pass doors before they allow you?

    1. Hi Emmanuel,

      I like your name, very biblical. When Jesus was prophesied to come to earth and live with men, the Bible says He shall be called “Emmanuel,” meaning God with us (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23).

      Going back to the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day, it’s very interesting that Sabbatarians always accuse the Roman Catholic church of changing the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday. I’m not sure you’re aware of that. This of course is not true at all. The New Testament church started gathering on the first day of the week for prayer and worship.

      In regards to your question about having to pass through doors before you can gain access to heaven. I would say that there is no biblical text to support this claim. If you are a Christian and you die, you will be immediately ushered into the presence of God in heaven. The only condition for one to enter heaven is to be “born again” (John 3:3-7).

      God bless you!

  3. Hello Alice. Thank you for sharing this great article and insight with us.

    I must confess that I really enjoyed reading through this article and research regarding The Sabbath Day and The Lord’s Day. This is what most people spend their time arguing about rather than serving God in spirit and in truth. I agree with you (you had biblical proofs). We are no longer under the law. The Sabbath day is a day for rest which is on Saturday while the Lord’s day is a major day of worship which is on Sunday. But in all these, we should worship God always.

    1. Hey there, thanks for weighing in, I appreciate your thoughts regarding the Sabbath and the Lord’s day, one of the most hotly debated topics even among Christians. I actually received a comment so long that it almost looked like a commentary. Apparently, he was a Sabbatarian and he’s insisting that Christians today are obligated to observe the Sabbath the same way they did in the Old Testament.

      But like I said, which you affirmed, Christians today are no longer under the law so we can worship God any day we choose. Because at the end of the day, what matters most to God is the attitude of our hearts when we come to church to worship Him.

      God bless you!

  4. Hello Alice,

    I am happy to read your post here. The truth is there has been lots of debate on whether the sabbath is Saturday or Sunday. From the Scriptures, there is not supposed to be any work on the sabbath and it signifies a day for rest. Being that as it may, in seeking the truth about the scriptures I have always relied on the Holy spirit for directions. 

    I always draw strength from Jesus when He was accused of doing miracles on the sabbath and He replied that who among you will leave his sheep in the pit all because it was sabbath.

    The truth was revealed that its is only the Holy spirit that can guide into all truth.

    1. Thank you so much Olonisakin for your comment.

      You’re right, there has been and are still are a lot of debates as to what day really is the Sabbath. Some say it’s Saturday because it’s what the Old Testament saints practiced while others say it’s on a Sunday because the New Testament church gathered on this day which is called the Lord’s Day.

      Both sides are actually correct. However, I believe that instead of us getting divided up because of this disagreement, wouldn’t it be better if we respect one another’s conviction? After all, it’s the attitude of the heart that seeks to worship and commune with God on any given day that matters most to God.

      As you said, even Jesus who is Lord of the Sabbath was accused of breaking the Sabbath Law and in response said that doing good on a Sabbath even when it is supposed to be a day of rest is commendable. Yes, the Holy Spirit is the only one who can guide us all into all truth, if we would just listen and be sensitive to His voice.

      Shalom!

  5. Hello Alice, great article.

    Yes, you do give some relevant ideas on the whole idea of the Sabbath and Sunday. Ultimately, for me, I tend to be more “spiritual’ rather than religious, and I think the more important factor here is to just be present for the ‘higher being’ – whatever name you choose to give ‘it/him/her’.

    I teach my daughter the importance of communicating with a ‘higher source’ and just having a sense of awareness that there is something ‘bigger/greater’ than us. It is all about respect in my books as well. I encourage her to have a ‘healthy’ appreciation for people, their cultures, and their customs. And more importantly, to be respectful of herself and then others.

    Yes, in the long run – I don’t think it really matters – Sabbath or Sunday – it is how we treat each other and how we treat ourselves.

    Namaste.

    Michelle

    1. Hey Michelle, thanks for your comment.

      I get what your’re saying about being “spiritual” rather than “religious” because I also prefer the former. Being religious speaks more on the traditions that people like to do whereas being spiritual has more to do with one’s relationship with a “higher being” whom others call by other names but I call Him God, the Creator of heaven and earth.

      You got the message I was trying to convey through this article on the Sabbath and Lord’s Day difference; that what matters most is the intent of the heart that seeks to commune with God no matter what day that maybe. Some people tend to be more legalistic which in some way has been causing division in the church of Jesus Christ. 

      So yeah, there is definitely a difference between the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day but because of the freedom that we have in Christ, we can choose to worship Him on any given day of the week. I wanna thank you also for pointing out another important aspect of living a life that pleases God, that is, treating others that way we treat ourselves.

      Blessings!

  6. Alice, it seems as if you are seeking truth. I would advise you to be honest with your search, ask God to send His Spirit to guide you into all truth.

    1. Shalom and thank you for dropping by.

      Yes, I have been seeking the truth and praise God I found it in the Lord Jesus Christ who is the Way, the Truth and the Life. I mean, He found me first and has drawn me to Himself. As regards to the revealed, inspired Word of God, I am always after the truth and I continue to learn as I depend upon the Holy Spirit to guide me into all truth.

      Long before I decided to put up this website, I expected other Christians to have a different point of view, most especially when it comes to the topic of the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day. Admittedly, this is one topic that many Christians disagree on. Anyway, what I have said here is a product of my personal Bible study and research on the history of Christianity. I do not claim to be right in all my theology because let’s face it, even renowned Bible scholars and theologians do not always see eye to eye on minor biblical issues.

      As you may have read in the comment section, there are those who agree with me that Sabbath keeping as practiced in the Old Testament is no longer binding to the believers today, but there are also those hold to the view that it still is. But let me just say that at the end of the day, what matters is if we have a personal relationship with the Lord Jesus.

      Blessings!

  7. “Who would see Sabbath as a Day of Worship?”
    God. He commanded Israel to “Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy.” The rest was instituted in order to focus on God. The primary motive was to keep it holy. It was the day of weekly convocation (Lev 23.3) and double sacrifices were offered. It was God’s special day Isaiah 58.13,14.
    God’s special day is now the first day to celebrate a greater work that He finished at Creation or through Moses. The finished work of Christ which gives rest.
    We keep God’s special day holy imitating the character of God (Ephesians 5.1)
    Soli Deo Gloria

    1. Hello John,

      Thank you for visiting and sharing your insight. You are absolutely right! God instituted the Sabbath for the nation of Israel to focus on Him and what He has done for them. God indeed blessed the 7th day and declared it “holy.” It was the day that He rested from His work of creating, not because He got tired. Instead, He sanctified it and took the time to enjoy the beauty of His creation.

      But on the part of man, Jesus Himself said that He instituted the Sabbath for man and not man for the Sabbath. Sabbath means rest, so I believe it is seen today as a day to rest not just from our works but also to rest in the Lord. And yes, the finished work of Christ gives us not only rest but also comfort knowing that we have been forgiven of our sins and we will be spending eternity with God.

      I’m not sure what you’re implying in the last part of your comment. Are you saying that the Sabbath was changed from Saturday to Sunday? Because you referred to it as God’s special day in the Old Testament which is now the first day.

      1. I’m saying that God has always had a special day as a reflection of His character and work. God’s day in the Old Testament was the seventh day. (Isaiah 53. 13,14. Notice the seventh day is called The LORD’S Day) In the New Testament it’s the First Day. (Rev 1.10 also called the Lord’s Day)

        1. Hello John, thanks for coming back and clarifying what you said about God declaring a special day for His people to reflect on His works and character.

          I stand by what I said that the Sabbath has not been changed from Saturday to Sunday as what some people claim. But I agree with you that Sunday today is generally considered to be God’s special day, especially because the most important event that gave rise to Christianity, the resurrection of Jesus Christ, took place on a Sunday. Most if not all churches today also gather in worship and fellowship on the first day of the week, the same way that the New Testament church did.

          As regards to Revelation 1:10 where the term “Lord’s Day” is used only once in Scripture, there are disagreements on what John really meant. Some mistakenly assume that the Lord’s Day is the same as the “Day of the Lord.” Since John did not elaborate on the meaning of the Lord’s Day, we can assume that the first century Christians to whom he was writing understood exactly what he meant.

          Bottom line is, the day of the week is not what matters. Rather, it’s the motivation of our heart behind that choice that’s important.

          Shalom, God bless!

  8. Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
    Leviticus 23:3

    Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.
    Ezekiel 46:1
    Praise Yahshua for truth!

    These two verses show Sabbath is meant not only for rest but a holy assembly in the temple.
    Why would the gate be closed at other times but not on Sabbath or a holy day?
    Yahwehs ways and thoughts are higher than ours.
    We should not question His word.

    If He says rest on seventh day who are we to question Him?
    And He is our Father who rested Himself on the seventh day.
    If we are His children why wouldn’t we imitate Him?
    Praise Yahshua for the Sabbath!

    1. The Sabbath is certainly an old covenant law; it is part of the Ten Commandments, which in turn form the center of the old covenant. The Sabbath definitely give us not only physical but also spiritual benefits. But we need to understand that there are changes in the way the Sabbath is presented in the NT from the role it played in the OT.

      Jesus did not argue with the Pharisees about whether to keep the Sabbath, but He certainly argued about how to keep it. There is a new covenant between God and His people. This new covenant is based on faith. We read nothing in the new covenant that says we are required to keep the Sabbath according to the rules of the old covenant.

      We see examples of people keeping the Sabbath in the NT, and we see statements that tell us the Sabbath is a shadow pointing to the reality, who is Christ. That doesn’t mean that the Sabbath has been done away with. It just means that the Sabbath is fulfilled in Christ. It means Christ is more important than the Sabbath. It means the Sabbath rest for Christians in Hebrews 4 is the new life in Christ, not just a day of the week. And Paul tells us in Romans 14 that we should not be involved in disputes over days.

      Shalom and God bless!

  9. And on the sabbath day two lambs of the first year without spot, and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and the drink offering thereof:
    Numbers 28:9
    Actually this verse shows there were sacrifices on this day so yes it is meant for worship as well.
    Isn’t a sacrifice to Yahweh an act of worship?
    Praise Yahshua for truth!

    1. Hello again Alicia. I apologize for the delayed reply. And yeah, I agree with you, sacrifice is an act of worship to Yeshua. But we are not specifically commanded in the NT to sacrifice to God only on the 7th day of the week. I believe the problem here is not Sabbath keeping but the way this must be practiced and applied today for the NT believers. And by the way, if we are to be consistent, then I think we also have to follow all the commandments given in the Old Testament. I’m sure you are aware that the Law consists of 630 commandments, positive and negative.

      Blessings!

      1. Do not mix the mosaic law, written by Moses, with the 10 commandment law, written with the finger of God! By the way I” love your name, ALICE, nevertheless let’s continue. Also God speaking of Abraham said,. “Genesis 26:5 KJVS
        Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. When God said that there was no mosaic law, He was talking about the 10 commandments, which were imputed to Abraham when he believed God. Romans 4:11 KJVS

        And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: 4:12 KJVS

        And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised. Jesus said, ” If you love me keep my commandments”Jn 14:15,21,23. The New covenant is, Hebrews 8:10 KJVS

        For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

        Hebrews 10:16 KJVS
        This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; the only thing that was nailed to the cross was our sins because the law of God is a transcript of His character!!! The mosaic law of animal sacrifices was done away with bc type meeting anti-type was completed on the cross!!!

        Therefore, we don’t have to stay animals Hebrews 9:12 KJVS
        Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us .

        There is so much more to say than time and space will permit. But I say unto all that read this, read the Word of God in Spirit and Truth, ask and it will be given unto you!

        Alice, you are a child of the Jesuit’s/ Antichrist system!!!
        Repent before it’s too late.
        May Jesus Christ, The Lord of the Sabbath, Heb. 4; James 2:10; Mark : 27,28;

        Revelation 22:14 KJVS
        Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

        Amen!

        1. Hi Maria,

          First I would like to thank you for taking the time to read my post on the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day. I did expect to be criticized for taking a different view regarding this matter and that’s okay. After all, our salvation does not rest on whether or not we choose to keep the Sabbath the same way they did in the Old Testament. Our salvation rests on the finished works of Christ on the cross.

          It is by grace we have been saved, not by keeping the Old Testament Law. Because if we can earn our salvation by the keeping of Laws, why did Jesus have to come in the flesh, live a humble life of complete obedience to the Father, and suffer and die on the cross? The fact of the matter is, no one, literally no one, can keep the entire Law and that is why God made a new covenant, a better covenant.

          And just to let you know, there are so many Jews who have come to the saving knowledge of Christ. They have acknowledged and accepted Yeshua as their Messiah. They call themselves Messianic Jews. Interestingly, not a single one of them teaches that Christians must keep the Sabbath Law in order to gain access to the tree of life.

          It’s one thing to disagree with other Christians in as far as minor theology is concerned. But accusing them as children of the Antichrist system or the Jesuits, (whatever that means) just because they hold to a different view from yours with regards to Sabbath keeping, is a completely different thing. I’m not sure if you know what it really means to be a child of the Antichrist.

          The term antichrist simply means “against Christ.” John the elder said an antichrist is someone who denies that Jesus is the Christ, denies Jesus and the Father, does not acknowledge Jesus and denies that Jesus came in the flesh (1 John 2:22; 1 John 4:3; 2 John 1:7). How can you call a believer and follower of Jesus Christ a child of the Antichrist???

          Anyway, that’s your opinion. At the end of the day, what matters is if we have as individuals accepted Jesus’ gift of salvation by acknowledging that we are sinners in need of saving. I know that no amount of good works on my part would earn me a place in heaven for it is only by the grace of God that I am able to say with confidence that I am a child of God.

          John 1:12 says, “Yet to all who received Him (Jesus), to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God.” I am a child of God because I confessed Jesus as my Lord and Savior and have put my trust in Him. Have you?

          If you believe you need to keep the Sabbath Law in order to gain access to heaven, then that’s up to you. But if you really want to observe the Sabbath, you better do it in the exact same way that Jews who practice Judaism do.

          Here are the Scriptures that talk about what you should and shouldn’t do on the Sabbath: Leviticus 23:3; Deuteronomy 5:12-14; Exodus 16:23; Exodus 16:29; Exodus 31:14-15; Numbers 15:32-36; Exodus 35:2
          Based on these passages, are you really keeping the Sabbath?

          And if keeping the Sabbath is essential to our salvation, why didn’t the apostle Paul preach about it every time he presented the Gospel? And if it is only the Sabbatarians who will make it to heaven, what will happen to the millions of believers in Jesus Christ all around the world who worship on other days and not Saturdays? Will they end up in hell?

          All I can say is that, Jesus is returning very soon. In fact, He could be returning at any day and time now. I pray that you will be enlightened so you will see how a personal relationship with the Lord Jesus and having the seal of the Holy Spirit is what matters. Of course, good works that include obedience to God’s commands is important as proof of a genuine faith.

          But to say that Christians who do not keep the Sabbath Law need to repent or they are headed to hell — that’s very disheartening to hear from someone who claims to be a follower of Jesus Christ.

          Shalom!

  10. Matthew 5:17-20 King James Version (KJV)
    17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

    18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

    19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

    20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
    Praise Yahshua for truth!

    Please read this article it’s really thorough and scriptural.
    Pray and ask Yahweh to reveal to you the truth.
    I am so thankful He showed me His truths.
    And it is a blessing to obey the word about the Sabbath.
    http://www.eliyah.com/85times.html

    1. Shalom Alicia,

      Thank you for your comment, I really appreciate it. I am aware that many Christians have differing views regarding Sabbath-keeping. Many Christians have a lot of questions and it just makes sense that they want answers. Are Christians commanded to strictly follow the Law of keeping the Sabbath? What if I am not able to because of my job, should I quit and find another one? Will I be condemned to hell because I cannot keep the Sabbath?

      I am not in anyway disregarding the Old Testament and I am not saying that the commandments given in the OT are only for the Jews. However, we have to acknowledge that there are a lot of commandments in the Old Covenant that are not applicable to the Christians today, not even to the followers of Christ during His earthly ministry. The Pharisees who were very keen on keeping the Law were often in conflict with Jesus because of their hypocrisy.

      Jesus did say that He did not come to abolish the Law but to fulfill it, but what exactly did He mean by this? What Law was Jesus referring to? We must understand that the Old Testament Laws are categorized into the Ceremonial, Moral and Judicial Laws. While I do not claim to know and understand everything that’s written in the Bible, I believe that Jesus has already fulfilled the Law and we are no longer bound by the Law. Instead, we are under the Law of Christ, we are under grace. After all, we are saved by grace through faith alone in Christ Jesus (Ephesians 2:8-9).

      I believe that what Jesus is referring to in Matthew 5:18 are the things God has set since the beginning to happen that were not yet fulfilled. Isn’t Jesus’ coming in the flesh to redeem the world a fulfillment of so many Old Testament prophecies? God isn’t finished yet because a lot of Bible prophecies are yet to be fulfilled.

      And one more thing, if Sabbath observance is really that significant and has any bearing to one’s salvation, why didn’t Jesus’ disciples like Peter, James and Paul who were three of the leaders of the Jerusalem movement include it every time they preached the Gospel? In fact, the apostle Paul even rebuked those who were teaching that following the Law and observing feasts could somehow add anything to what Jesus has already accomplished.

      I have nothing against those who choose to strictly follow Sabbath observance but I honestly believe that also God honors the heart of those who worship Him on any day, not just on a Saturday. After all, Sabbath means rest, not Saturday.

      God bless you!

  11. Thank you for this article. I want to make a commentary but is not meant to criticize or be judgmental. Rather, it is to be educational. Perhaps no one can claim that he/she had discovered all the truths in the Bible. It can require careful, diligent study, such as the Bereans did to come to a fuller understanding of biblical truth; or someone explaining other truths as yet undiscovered.

    Even during the time of Jesus and the apostles, many of the believers did not have a complete understanding of the truth. For example: Jesus had to explain to the two disciples who were walking to Emmaus the nature and suffering of the Messiah for as yet they did not fully understand. (Luke 24:13-27).

    Another example is in Acts 19: the “converts” of Apollos were taught only about the baptism of John (the Baptist). They have not heard about the baptism of the Holy Spirit. And when Paul explained to them that they should believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, they were (re)baptized. To learn and discover new truth and practice them is the essence of a humble, honest and sincere Christian. I believe the author is honest and sincere in his/her belief. We can both agree or disagree but we remain respectful and polite Christians. If anyone would be offended by my comments, I apologize because that is not my intention. I’ll be quoting from the NKJV. I will analyze the article paragraph by paragraph:

    ARTICLE: While Sunday is the traditional day of worship for Christians, many still remain uncomfortable over the issue of the Sabbath day. This is due to a common error that Sabbath was the day of worship. Groups such as the Seventh Day Adventists hold that God requires the church service to be held on the Sabbath day which is Saturday, the seventh day of the week. But is that really what the Sabbath command was?
    COMMENT: Contrary to the “error” assertion, the Sabbath day is not only a day for cessation of work or rest but also the day of worship that God has designated. The traditional Sunday worship for Christians is just that- from human tradition and not supported by scripture.

    ARTICLE: The word “Sabbath” comes from a Hebrew verb which means “to cease, stop, rest and to come to an end.” Based on this definition of the word, the Sabbath Day was a day “to cease from work.” The institution of the Sabbath had its origin in Genesis 2:2-3 which states that on the seventh day God rested after finishing His work of creation; God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it because in it He rested from all His work.
    COMMENT: This is a correct definition of Sabbath. Take note however that the article affirms that “the institution of the Sabbath had its origin in Genesis 2:2-3”, (which is true) but the following paragraph denies that “the seventh day was not even called Sabbath.”

    ARTICLE: “The important thing to note here is that no commandment is made in this text. Although God rested and observed the Sabbath, nothing is said about Sabbath observance and worship. The seventh day isn’t even called the Sabbath but is differentiated and set apart (sanctified) from the other six creation days. God designed that the seventh day would be a special memorial to His creation and its original perfection.”
    COMMENT: It is true that there is no (written) commandment in Genesis 2:2-3 to observe the Sabbath. There is no written law either of the other nine. But the principles of the LAW as embodied in the Ten Commandments were in place in the book of Genesis. How do we know? “Where there is no law there is no sin” (Rom. 4:15).

    To give just a few examples: Cain murdered his brother- transgression of the 6th commandment; Joseph refused to commit adultery- in keeping with the 8th commandment; Jacob commanding his household to put away foreign gods- 2nd commandment; it was wrong for Rachel to steal her father’s idols-8th commandment; the people before the flood were destroyed because of wickedness-possibly breaking all ten commandments. “…Abraham obeyed My voice and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes, and My laws.” (Gen. 26:5)

    The Law was already in place, but not yet written. What “My Laws” did Abraham obey? Based on the examples cited, one need not wonder that “MY LAWS” refer to none other than the Decalogue or the Ten Commandments. Since the Sabbath commandment (the 4th commandment) is part and parcel of the Decalogue, why is it hard to believe that it was there all along with the other nine, and is one of the “MY LAWS”.

    Now take note of the second sentence: Although God rested and observed the Sabbath (true), nothing is said about observance and worship. If God rested and observed the Sabbath, is there a question if He said nothing about it or not; He was already resting and observing it. And with only Adam and Eve present at that time, in a perfect creation and environment that God pronounced Very Good, one cannot imagine our first parents not joining their creator in resting and observing that first Sabbath.

    The article partially defines the word sanctify as: to differentiate and set apart from the other six creation days. To sanctify not only means to differentiate or set apart from the other six creation days. Sanctify also means to make/declare holy, hallow, make sacred, set apart as sacred. (Take note: ONLY the 7th day was sanctified and no other day). If the 7th day was made/declared Holy, set apart as Holy, made sacred, Hallowed, the element of worship is too obvious to miss.

    Why would man not worship a Holy God on the Holy Day that He had sanctified. Man is a created being who worships his creator. Genesis gives examples of people worshiping. (Gen. 24:26,48,52). Cain and Abel brought their offering- an act of worship. Even Pagans worship gods. Many well-meaning Christians (and even this article) go on to say that they worship any day or every day of the week. But they find it hard to believe that on that very first Sabbath there was no observance of it or worship.

    Indeed God rested from all His work on the 7th day, not because He was weary (Isa, 40:28); and He gives the reason why His people should rest likewise. He gives it in the 4th Commandment. “For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it. (Ex. 20:11).

    ARTICLE: The Sabbath was not given to man till 2500 years later in Exodus 20:8-10. Throughout the book of Genesis there is no record of any Sabbath observance on the part of men, no mention of Sabbath being a day of worship. There is no record that Abraham, Isaac, Jacob or Joseph and the other patriarchs observed the Sabbath. Even after the flood when God gave some commands to Noah and his sons (Genesis 9), nothing is said about Sabbath observance.
    COMMENT: “And in the process of time it came to pass that Cain brought an offering of the fruit of the ground to the LORD. 4 Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And the LORD respected Abel and-his offering” (Gen. 4:3-4).

    Adam Clarke Commentary on the LITERAL TRANSLATION OF MOSES’ HEBREW:
    “And at the climax of [the cycle of] days [wayihi miqqets yammim, i.e., at the end of the week or on the Sabbath day] it happened that Cain brought an offering to YHWH from the fruit of the ground. And Abel brought, he also, from the firstlings of his flocks, even from their fat. And YHWH looked to Abel and to his offering” (Gen. 4:3-4, literal translation of Moses’ Hebrew)

    This commentary has been posted by some as evidence of Sabbath observance by Cain and AbeL, and by extension the first human family. The fact that they brought an offering certainly constituted an act of worship. This MAY OR MAY NOT BE valid proof of Sabbath worship, but since a Holy Day / Sanctified Day was in place, the probability exists that the offering was brought on the Sabbath day. {I thought to mention it here only for information}

    ARTICLE: The first mention of Sabbath in some significant way is in Exodus 16:22-26 when God feeds the people manna from heaven as they wander in the wilderness, and manna comes every day except the Sabbath day. God was preparing His people for the Sabbath command they would soon be given. Because in the 20th chapter of Exodus, God gave the Ten Commandments and in it the law for the Sabbath day has been given for the first time (Exodus 20:8-11). Israel was to treat the seventh day as holy because God had done so, and had declared it to be so.
    COMMENT: Is it true that the manna incident was to prepare the Israelites for the GIVING of the law? When some people went out on the Sabbath and found none, notice what God said: “And the LORD said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws? See! For the LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” So the people rested on the on the Seventh day”. (Ex. 16:28-30).

    Notice “MY COMMANDMENTS AND MY LAWS”- exactly the same language that Abraham obeyed “MY COMMANDMENTS… AND MY LAWS”. What commandments (plural) and what Laws (plural) was God talking about? It says “For the Lord has given you the Sabbath” (singular). This verse makes it VERY CLEAR the SABBATH LAW and the other nine laws were already in existence prior to Ex. 20 (although not yet written). The lesson of the manna incident was not to prepare the people for the giving of the law at Mt. Sinai. The law was already in existence prior, but it was forgotten during their 400 years of slavery and bondage in Egypt. And this is why the Sabbath commandment begins with the word REMEMBER.

    ARTICLE: The fourth commandment is not just a requirement to keep the Sabbath but more of an instruction to keep the Sabbath holy (Exodus 16:23; 20:8). Because God designated and declared the Sabbath day as a holy day, keeping it involves much more than abstinence from labor; it requires acknowledging it as a sacred and sanctified day because of God’s deeds and declaration
    COMMENT: Indeed the fourth commandment is a COMMANDMENT that God wants us to obey. Jesus said “If you love me keep my Commandments”. (John 14:15). No one disputes that the word KEEP in this verse means OBEY. When God commands, He requires us to obey. When the command carries with it an instruction, we are to follow the instruction and obey.

    No question about this: “keeping the Sabbath involves much more than abstinence from labor; it requires acknowledging it as a sacred and sanctified day…” How does one acknowledge the Sabbath as sacred and sanctified? Lev 23:3? “Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.” Convocation means Assembly. Holy Convocation means Holy Assembly. God’s people do not go to a Holy Assemble/Convocation on the Holy Sabbath day to do anything but worship. So God’s people not only abstains from labor but assembles for corporate worship.

    ARTICLE: It also instructs each Israelite to plan and to finish his week’s work by the Sabbath. It deals with the problem of men not wishing to stop what they’re doing because they have not finished by instructing them to plan to finish by the end of the sixth day, and to see to it that they do finish.
    COMMENT: The sixth day of the week (Friday) is called Day of Preparation or Preparation Day. “That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near” (Luke 23:54}. “Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath” (Mark 15:42). Preparation day is when all mundane and secular work should have been finished and put aside in anticipation for resting and observing the Sabbath. The idea is to lay aside all worldly concerns and be able to focus in worshiping the Sabbath giver.

    ARTICLE: What’s the punishment for Sabbath-breakers? Death! Anyone who breaks the Sabbath is to be put to death (Exodus 31:14; 35:2). In Numbers 15:32-36 we read of the man who was found gathering sticks on the Sabbath to build fire and was stoned to death. (See also Exodus 35:2-3.) This tells us how serious God is about Sabbath-keeping.
    COMMENT: Indeed, God is serious about Sabbath keeping or Sabbath-breaking. Big wonder why some Christians refuse or neglect to honor the day that God commanded to rest.

    ARTICLE: In the New Testament, Revelation 1:10 is the only verse which refers to Sunday as “the Lord’s Day,” However, it is noteworthy that the apostolic Church kept Sunday, the Lord’s day, as a day of fellowship and worship (Acts 20:7). But why Sunday and why is it called the Lord’s day? Because Sunday, the first day of the week, was when Jesus rose from the dead (Mark 16:9).
    COMMENT: One can read Rev. 1:10 a thousand times, he will never find any inkling that the verse refers to Sunday as the Lord’s Day. That is just an ASSUMPTION by many Sunday-keeping Christians. On the contrary, Mark 2:28 states that the Son of Man (Jesus) is Lord of the Sabbath. If Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath, then the Lord’s Day is the Sabbath, not Sunday.

    Ex. 20:10 of the 4th Commandment says ”but the Seventh day is the SABBATH OF THE LORD YOUR GOD…”. In Isa. 58:13 God calls the Sabbath “My Holy Day. CALLING SUNDAY, the first day of the week, as LORD’S DAY because it is the day when Jesus rose from the dead, has Zero biblical proof. The text cited (Mark 16:9) only states the fact that Jesus rose early on the first day of the week. It never mentions that the first day of the week is the Lord’s Day. We can also add Matt 28:1, Luke 24:1; John 20:1, all mentioning the first day of the week. NONE of these verses indicate that Sunday has become the Lord’s Day. On the contrary, the preceding verses clearly indicate that the Sabbath day (7th day) came before the first day (resurrection day).

    Acts 20:7 is cited as proof that the apostolic church kept Sunday as the Lord’s Day, the day of fellowship and worship. First of all, this article claims that Sunday, an unsanctified day, is a day for fellowship and worship, but denies that the Sabbath, the day that God sanctified and hallowed, is not a day for fellowship and worship. How ironic!

    Secondly, this gathering in Acts 20:7 occurred at night. The Good News Translation translates “On Saturday Evening…” Biblical day is reckoned from sunset to sunset, therefore this gathering occurred on the night portion of the first day of the week (Saturday night by our modern reckoning). The most likely scenario is that the believers had observed the Sabbath on Saturday morning and continued the service until Saturday night because Paul was leaving the following morning (Sunday).

    (Read also the context verses 7-15). If the first day of the week had now been the day of worship (which must necessitate it to be holy), it is inconceivable that Paul would walk from Troas to Assos on the day part of Sunday. Besides see the following texts that show that the early Christians worshipped on the Sabbath, not on Sunday (first day of the week): (Acts 13:14,42,44; 15:21; 17:2; 18:4). Notice Acts 16:13 “And on the Sabbath day we went out of the city to the riverside, where prayer was customarily made; and we sat down and spoke to the women who met there”.

    There was no synagogue or church building but still they kept the Sabbath. And take special note: PRAYER was customarily made. If this is not fellowship and worship on the Sabbath, as denied by this article, then what is fellowship and worship? Take note specially 17:2 where it says that it was Paul’s custom to go to the synagogue on the Sabbath. Paul does not go to the Synagogue on Sabbath to do other things but worship. Would he all of a sudden in 20:7 abandon his custom of going to the synagogue on the Sabbath in favor of Sunday keeping? Note also that 20:7 says that the disciples came together to break bread.

    In Acts 2:46 the disciples were breaking bread DAILY. The breaking of bread, whether for communal meal or convocation, does not make the day Sanctified or Holy. God has already sanctified the Sabbath way back on creation week. This incident was recorded presumably because of the miraculous resurrection of Euthycus. Only God can pronounce something holy for He alone is Holy. (Rev 15:4). Nowhere in the Bible does God sanctifies the first day of the week- on the contrary he sanctified one and only day, that is the 7th day.

    ARTICLE: Beginning with the first resurrection Sunday, the Lord Jesus seemed to “train” His disciples to gather together on the first day of the week. Since that time, believers have gathered on the first day of the week to celebrate His victory over sin and death (1 Corinthians 16:2). Also, the Church was born at Pentecost which fell on a Sunday, fifty days after Christ rose from the dead.
    COMMENT: John 20:19 “…being the first day of the week…the disciple were assembled…” For what reason? Train the disciples…? No. Jesus could have told them of the change before His death, but He said nothing. They gathered “for fear of the Jews”. Some of them didn’t even believe yet that Jesus was resurrected. “And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, “Peace to you!” Then He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believing.” (John 20:26,27). Eight days after (Monday) Jesus appeared to them again, to convince doubting Thomas that Jesus was indeed resurrected.

    1 Cor. 16:2 “On the first day of the week let each one of you lay something aside, storing up as he may prosper, that there be no collections when I come”. There is no mention or implication that there is an assembly or worship here. Paul is saying: set aside your gift (possibly money) (for donation to the believers in Jerusalem). Set aside where? “storing up”-not in the synagogue but in their homes. This passage does not say anything about worship on the first day. The believers were to set aside their donations, privately at home. Jews did not handle money on the Sabbath, (if it is assumed that the first day has become the Sabbath) and especially during worship.

    Pentecost falling on Sunday (debatable) does not invalidate the Sabbath command nor sanction Sunday observance because there is no biblical injunction.

    ARTICLE: There is no verse in the Bible that commands believers to worship on the first day of the week but we do this simply because this has been the practice of Christians from the very beginning, based upon the life-changing fact of Jesus’ resurrection from the dead. The early Christians continued to meet regularly on the first day of the week, not on the Sabbath (Saturday).
    COMMENT: Only the first half of the first sentence is correct. “There is no verse in the Bible that commands believers to worship on the first day of the week”. The second part is partly true. (but we do this simply because this has been the practice of Christians from the very beginning) Sunday keepers observe Sunday because of TRADITION. The apostolic Christians consistently observed the Sabbath, but later APOTASY occurred and many Christians began to worship on the first day of the week. The last sentence is absolutely false, as shown with the Texts above.

    It was inconceivable for the first Christians, who were Jews, to abandon the Sabbath. Many of them were even reluctant to abandon the Law of Moses (different from the Law of God- see explanation later), i.e. circumcision, and ceremonial laws that pointed to the coming Messiah. The apostolic Christians continued to meet NOT on the first day of the week, but on the Sabbath (Saturday). The resurrection- day-reason for Sunday keeping came only much later to rationalize the false day of worship.

    ARTICLE: Contrary to the claim of many Sabbatarians that Sunday worship was not instituted until the fourth century, the early church fathers, from Ignatius to Augustine, taught that the Old Testament Sabbath had been abolished and that the first day of the week (Sunday) was the day when Christians should meet for worship (See “From Sabbath to Lord’s Day” by D.A. Carson for further study).

    No one, not even the church fathers, nor Ignatius nor Augustine, not even the disciples could abolish or teach to abolish the Sabbath Command. Even God would not abolish the Sabbath command along with the other nine. If the law could be abolished there was no need for Christ to die. Since transgression of the law required the death of the transgressor (sinner), God could have abolished the law so there would have been no reason for Jesus to die for the sinner. But because the law is immutable, we thank Jesus for taking the penalty of sin for us.
    D.A Carson’s “From Sabbath to the Lord’s day” title alone is already misleading, because the Sabbath is the Lord’s day and not Sunday.

    Further Study: From Sabbath to Sunday: A Historical Investigation of the Rise of Sunday Observance in Early Christianity by Samuele Bacchiocchi

    ARTICLE: Sunday has never replaced Saturday as the Sabbath. The Sabbath day that the Bible speaks about in Exodus 20:8-11 has nothing to do with worship and sacrifice. The Sabbath command was to do no work on the Sabbath day and nowhere in Scripture is the Sabbath day commanded to be the day of worship.
    COMMENT: Only the first sentence is correct, but presented somewhat in a subtle way. Because it is denied that Sunday has replaced Saturday as the Sabbath, therefore there is reason to deny that the Sabbath command has nothing to do with worship and sacrifice. Lev. 23:3 has already been cited as proof of Sabbath worship. The question to ask is: Do Sunday keepers cease from work on the Sabbath and keep it Holy?

    Isa. 66:22-23 “For as the new heavens and the new earth which I will make shall remain before Me,” says the LORD “so shall your descendants and your name remain. And it shall come to pass that from one New Moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, all flesh shall come to WORSHIP before Me,” says the LORD.
    “Here is the patience of the Saints; here are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus”. Rev. 14:12. God’s end time people will be known as commandment keepers, including Sabbath keeping.
    Worship on Sabbath began at creation, was observed during the OT times, was observed by Jesus and the disciples, and will be observed in the new heaven and new earth.

    ARTICLE: The Lord’s Day is not a direct counterpart to the Jewish Sabbath and the Sabbath day was not changed from the seventh day to the first day. “Sunday is not the Christian Sabbath” and it’s not biblically correct to refer to Sunday as the Sabbath because nowhere in Scripture is the first day of the week referred to as the Sabbath.
    COMMENT: This paragraph is a corruption of truth and error and is misleading. The Lord’s Day as pointed out is NOT Sunday. The Lord’s Day is the Sabbath (Saturday) because Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath. Truly, Sunday (false lord’s day) is not a counterpart of the Sabbath. And the Sabbath is not Jewish- it was made for man/mankind. Of the Ten Commandments, the devil hates the most the Sabbath Commandment, because it (Sabbath commandment) establishes God’s sovereignty as creator, and he (the devil) wants to usurp that sovereignty. He also does this through the Theory of Evolution with its amoral emphasis.

    The Catholic Church claims that it had transferred the solemnity from the Sabbath to Sunday, making Sunday as the new Sabbath. Sunday-keeping Protestants had followed the tradition. To justify this claim, the reason given is “in honor of the resurrection”. Running out of alibi, the claim is now “Sunday is not referred to as the Sabbath”.

    In the Convert’s Catechism of Catholic Doctrine, we read:
    Question: Which is the Sabbath day?
    Answer: Saturday is the Sabbath day.
    Question: Why do we observe Sunday instead of Saturday?
    Answer: We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church, in the Council of Laodicea, (336 A.D.) transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday.
    Question: Why did the Catholic Church substitute Sunday for Saturday?
    Answer: The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday, because Christ rose from the dead on [Easter] Sunday, and the Holy Ghost descended upon the Apostles on a [Pentecost] Sunday. Question: By what authority did the Church substitute Sunday for Saturday? Answer: The Church substituted Sunday for Saturday by the plenitude of that divine power which Jesus Christ bestowed upon Her! (Rev. Peter Geiermann, C.SS.R., (1946), p. 50)

    ARTICLE: While the Lord’s day is the day of sacrifice, worship and fellowship, the Old Testament Sabbath as mentioned earlier was a day of rest; it was a day when beasts of burden, slaves and humans all rested. It was not associated with temple attendance or any religious observance.
    COMMENT: This issue was already addressed above (Holy convocation/assembly on Sabbath). Again Lord’s Day is the Sabbath, not Sunday. But now let me address the last sentence more fully.
    To claim that the Old Testament Sabbath was not associated with temple attendance or any religious observance is outright incorrect. Besides Lev. 23:3, which talks about convocation or assembly on the 7th day Sabbath, (which definitely is a religious observance) the following questions beg to be asked:

    If the Israelites did not worship on Sabbath as alleged, what were they doing during the Holy Convocation or Holy Assembly on the Sabbath? It is INCONCEIVABLE that the Israelites DID NOT WORSHIP AT ALL. They may even have worshipped every day just like some Sunday-keeping Christians who claim that they may worship all day or any day of the week. The Israelites, as God’s people, were called out of Egypt to worship. The first commandment states:
    “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. “You shall have no other gods before Me.”

    “Having other gods” imply worship of a deity other than God. The command therefore to NOT have other gods (worship other gods) cannot be mistaken as an injunction to worship the true God. God is saying “I am the Lord your God…” worship me, do not worship other gods.
    So on what day did the Israelites worship God? We may/can assume that they worshiped God all the days of the week, but there is a special sanctified day commanded them to keep Holy. Would they just then cease from work and not worship on the Holy Sabbath Day?

    The second states: “…you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God,” Bowing to a graven image is a forbidden form of worship because graven images are false gods. God is saying: bow down only to me, because I am a jealous God. Clearly the Israelites were called to worship the true God. So again, did they keep the Sabbath day only for the purpose of ceasing from labor, but not worship? The clear implication is they worshiped on the Sabbath day.

    The fourth commandment therefore that says “Remember the Sabbath day to KEEP it holy” is not only an injunction to cease from labor, but also to worship on that particular day. To say that KEEPING the Sabbath day holy is not associated with worship or religious observance (activity) is unbelievable. When God rested from all His labor on the 7th day of creation week, He not only ceased from labor, but designated that day for worship (obviously for the first couple and for all mankind afterwards). Otherwise why would God Sanctify, (set aside for a holy purpose) (set apart as sacred) (hallow) a day if it was only for resting and ceasing from labor? There was no need for God to sanctify the 7th day if the purpose was only for resting, since God was not weary when He rested.

    ARTICLE: While some assume that the Lord’s Day in the New Testament is the equivalent of the Sabbath, the Sabbath was given to Israel as a sign of their covenant with God (Exodus 31:13, 17). It was a perpetual reminder to Israel of their separation unto God. Their keeping of the Sabbath would help distinguish them from the heathen (other nations) around them. The Sabbath day was also instituted by God for the nation of Israel to commemorate His deliverance of them from Egypt (Deuteronomy 5:15).
    COMMENT: On pain of being redundant, let it be said again that Sunday is not the Lord’s Day. “The Son of Man (Jesus) is LORD OF THE SABBATH”.

    Truly the Sabbath is a SIGN for God’s covenant people that it is God who sanctifies them. God’s covenant people in the OT is Israel. In the NT and in the New Covenant God’s people are His church (Christians). Since the Sabbath sign is “perpetual”, and the Sabbath is not only for the Jews, but was “made for man”, it follows that the Sabbath is STILL the sign for Christians that it is God who sanctifies them. Those who refuse the Sabbath sign, and are following man’s tradition of Sunday-keeping, are refusing to be sanctified.

    Ex. 31: 16,17 also states that the Sabbath is a sign of God’s creatorship. “Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed”. The Sabbath distinguishes the true CREATOR GOD from false gods (that cannot create). Is it a sign for Israel only? Yes, and more; because Christians (Jewish or Gentile, specifically gentiles) who were grafted into God’s family, (see Romans 11:17,24), are the so-called spiritual Israel. “And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.” Gal. 3:29.

    When we keep God’s Sabbath, we are acknowledging that He is our Creator and we are His creatures.
    The Sabbath is also a sign of God’s deliverance of His people out the bondage and slavery from Egypt. God’s people were not only in physical bondage but spiritually as well. They were in bondage to sin. The Sabbath therefore is a sign that God is the deliverer from sin. Are Jews the only ones that need deliverance from sin? “ALL have sinned…” All need deliverance from Sin. Christians who refuse the Sabbath sign (by refusing to honor and obey the Sabbath command) are refusing to be delivered from Sin.

    ARTICLE: Sunday has not replaced Saturday as the Sabbath. Rather, the Lord’s day is a time for believers to gather and commemorate Jesus’ resurrection, which occurred on the first day of the week.
    COMMENT: This is a tricky and misleading argument. True, Sunday has not replaced Saturday as the Sabbath. But for believers to gather (implying worship) on the false lord’s day (Sunday) to commemorate Jesus’ resurrection, is unbiblical, and based only on human tradition.

    ARTICLE: Although God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, that does not mean that He requires all of His people to rest on it. Because if He did then we should by all means keep it, even if we have to adjust our work schedules and sacrifice our time with our families. If the effect on our lives is so great, we have to make sure we’re getting this right according to what God really commands. Is the command clear enough to require Christians to lose their jobs and suffer financially? Because if God does not require the Sabbath, then it would be wrong to put this unnecessary burden on anyone.
    COMMENTS: What a contradiction to God’s explicit command! One reason why this article has to be addressed piece by piece is the misleading explanations, combining truth with error. If the fourth commandment was not meant for ALL of God’s people, then it follows that the other nine commandments do not apply for all either. But that is not what Sunday-keepers really mean because they follow and obey the other nine and refuse to obey the fourth.
    God gave the Sabbath as a blessing for His people.(Isa. 56:2)

    Sabbath keeping is a delight instead of a burden. If all Christians would follow/obey God’s command, God will supply all their Need (Phil, 4:19), and not be worried about being disadvantaged because Sabbath Keeping is also an act of faith. Millions of Sabbath keepers around the world can attest to this promise.
    “If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, From doing your pleasure on My holy day, And call the Sabbath a delight, The holy day of the LORD honorable, And shall honor Him, not doing your own ways,
    Nor finding your own pleasure, Nor speaking your own words, Then you shall delight yourself in the LORD; And I will cause you to ride on the high hills of the earth, And feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father. The mouth of the LORD has spoken.”

    Isa. 58:13,14
    “For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all” (James 2:10). The Royal Law that James refers to is none other than the Ten Commandments, since he gave as examples the 6th and 8th commandments.

    The penalty for breaking even one of the commandments is a dire warning in v.12. “So speak and so do as those who will be judged by the law of liberty.”

    ARTICLE: Some may argue that Jesus and the first Jewish Christians kept the Sabbath (Luke 4:16; Acts 13:14, 17:1-2, 18:1-4) so we must do the same. We have to understand that Jesus was born under the law so He kept all the Jewish laws and kept them perfectly. But Jesus rejected a strict legalistic interpretation of the Old Testament commandment. He said Sabbath observance was not a duty that mankind owed to God. Rather, the Sabbath was made by God as a day of rest for man (Mark 2:27).
    COMMENT: If Jesus is our example, then we should follow Him.
    “But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law”. (Gal. 4:4) What does born under the law mean? A careful study of the book of Galatians would reveal that it means “under the CURSE of the law”. (Gal. 3:13) Christ bore our sins, He became a substitute for the sinner. The curse of the law (see Lev. 26:14-39 and Deut. 27:11-26) that we deserve fell on Him.

    By “Jewish laws” I assume that the author of this article refers to the 613 laws added by post-exilic Jews to regulate Sabbath OBSERVANCE. These laws made the observance of the Sabbath legalistic. This is what Jesus rejected, the legalistic observance, but the identity of the Sabbath day was never in question. Jesus said “it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath”. Jesus also affirmed the perpetuity of the law (Matt. 5:17-19). And to make no doubt that he referred to the Decalogue, he gave examples (even expanding the meaning of the law) (v. 21 ff). Now, some may argue that Jesus came to FULFILL the law so that we no longer have to obey it. Isn’t that absurd?

    Can we now go on committing adultery, stealing, lying, coveting, taking the Lord’s name in vain, worship idols, because Jesus fulfilled the law? Sunday-keepers would say No, we should keep the Nine but not the 4th.
    Did Jesus say that Sabbath observance is NOT a duty for man/mankind? “Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man”. (Ecc. 12:13). And note the judgment warning in the following verse. “For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.”

    Now, what does Mark 2:27 mean? “The Sabbath was made for man and not man for the Sabbath”? The preceding verses (v. 21-26) give the clue. The traditions and legal requirements regarding Sabbath KEEPING (613 Jewish laws) had expanded by the first century to emphasize the mechanics of observing the day. In the process, the purpose of the Sabbath had been lost- which is for the spiritual and physical restoration of the people. Instead, the Sabbath became a burden. Jesus wished to recapture the joyful (delight) dimension of the Sabbath as God’s gift to His children. The passage also teaches that the Sabbath was not only a Jewish institution but one for all humanity.

    On the other hand if the author refers to Moses’ laws as the “Jewish laws”- that would be another topic. But for a short explanation: When the NT talks about LAW sometimes it does not distinguish between the Law of Moses (Mosaic Law) from the Law of God (Ten Commandments). Few examples will suffice:

    1. The Law of Moses was written in a book. (Deut. 31:24); God’s Law was written on two tablets of stone (Ex. 31:18).
    2. The Law of Moses was written by Moses Himself; the Law of God were written with the finger of God.
    3. God’s Law (Ten Commandments) was placed inside the ark (Ex. 25:16); Moses’ Law was placed beside the ark (Deut. 31:24-26)
    4. Moses Law was added because of Sin (Gal. 3:19). God’s Law points out sin (Rom. 7:7, 3:20)
    5. Moses’ Law was contrary/against us (Col. 2:14-16/Deut. 31:26); God’s Law is not grievous/burdensome (1 John 5:3) (nothing in the Decalogue is contrary or against us.
    6. Moses Law contained ordinances, (Eph. 2:15), food, drink, festival, SABBATHS (plural) (Col. 2:16). God’s Law does not deal with ordinances, food, drink, festival. And it contains only the Seventh Day Sabbath (singular). (For the list of Ceremonial Sabbaths, see Lev. 23)
    7. The Law of Moses were a shadow of things to come (Col. 2:17) because the ordinances pointed to the coming Messiah. And when Jesus came the substance appeared, hence was nailed to the cross (Col. 2:14). On the other hand the God’s Law is ETERNAL because it is the transcript or mirror of God’s character.

    The Seventh Day Sabbath (always on Saturday) should not be confused with the Ceremonial Sabbaths that occur once a year (Annual Sabbaths) and can be on any day of the week. Besides the Ceremonial Sabbaths listed in Lev. 23, there are also other Sabbaths like Seventh year (Jubilee) when the land was to REST from being tilled; the fiftieth year was also called Jubilee. (Lev. 28:5-10).

    All of these were called Sabbaths (plural) because God’s people were to celebrate and Rest. (This is why, what was nailed to the cross (Col. 2:14) is called “Sabbaths” or “Sabbath days” (plural) (Col. 2:16), not the Seventh Day Sabbath (singular). (For information only: When an Annual Sabbath, such as the Passover, takes place on the Seventh Day Sabbath (Saturday) that Sabbath is called a HIGH DAY. John 19:31)

    The following chart shows how God’s Law is a transcript or Mirror of His character. Note specially the last one that says ETERNAL: (copied from lifeandtruth.com)
    GOD Character LAW
    Luke 18:19 GOOD Rom. 7:12
    Isa. 5:16 HOLY Rom. 7:12
    Deut. 32:4 JUST Rom. 7:12
    Deut. 32:4 TRUTH Ps. 119:142,151
    Matt. 5:48 PERFECT Ps. 19:7
    1 John 4:8 LOVE Rom. 13:10
    Ex. 9:27 RIGHTEOUS Ps. 19:9
    I John 3:3 PURE Ps. 19:8
    Gen. 21:33 ETERNAL Ps. 111:7,8

    ARTICLE: The first Christians were predominantly Jews and still adhered to the Mosaic and Jewish Laws so when Gentiles began to convert to Christianity, it created a dilemma among the Jewish Christians. There arose some disputes whether the Gentile Christians had to observe the Jewish laws about dietary restrictions, circumcision, Sabbath observance, etc.
    COMMENT: The dispute in Acts 15 was about circumcision which belongs to the Mosaic Law. (The 7th day SABBATH was NOT in the agenda because it does not belong to Mosaic Law).

    As pointed above the Mosaic Law or Jewish law is different from the Decalogue or God’s law. [BOTH MOSAIC LAW AND GOD’S LAW however CAME FROM GOD, BUT MOSAIC LAW WAS TEMPORARY and ended on the cross. IT ONLY GOVERNED THE JEWISH ECONOMY. GOD’S LAW HOWEVER IS PERMANENT/ETERNAL. THAT IS WHY A DISTINCTION HAS TO BE MADE.] Certain men (Jewish Christians) were insisting that unless Gentile converts are circumcised according to the Law of Moses they cannot be saved.

    To tackle this dispute the disciples convened what is generally known as the “Jerusalem Council”. The council’s decision was to write a letter to the Gentile believers in Antioch, Syria and Cilia, with the effect, to wit: Gentiles were not required to be circumcised or obey the (ceremonial) (Mosaic) law. The letter included some prohibitions: abstain from things polluted by (offered to) idols, from sexual immorality, from things strangled, and from blood. The prohibitions seemed to focus on the need to foster Gentile-Jewish fellowship, especially between Christian Gentiles and non-Christian Jews. Following these rules will help Gentiles and Jews to maintain fellowship.

    The prohibitions are modeled on the laws that pertain to both Jews and “the strangers who dwell among you”. (Lev. 17-18), to help gentiles live without offense among their Jewish neighbors. All four prohibitions are associated with pagan temples. Abstaining from these and steering clear of pagan temples, will make it obvious that Gentile Christian believers have turned from idolatry to worship the one true God. [Note: when the letter to the gentiles states that they were not required to be circumcised or obey the ceremonial law- there seems to be hint that some Jewish Christians were still observing or tolerating the observance of the ceremonial law- my view only]

    ARTICLE: At the Council of Jerusalem, Paul, Peter, James and other Church leaders decided, with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, that Sabbath observance was not one of the commands they felt necessary for Gentile believers to keep (Acts 15:19-20, 28-29).
    COMMENT: As mentioned the 7th day SABBATH WAS NOT IN THE AGENDA IN THIS COUNCIL.

    ARTICLE: If Christians were to observe the Sabbath day, the apostles would have clearly taught the Gentile believers who obviously did not have any idea about Sabbath-keeping. If the Sabbath is important, why is it that the New Testament never repeats the command? The apostle Paul had a lot to say about how Christians must conduct themselves and lists numerous sins that can keep a person out of the kingdom of God, but he never mentions the Sabbath.
    COMMENT: Acts 13: 42,43 states that the Gentiles begged that ”these words might be preached to them on the next Sabbath”- NOT on the first day of the week. How much more of a teaching that could be about Sabbath keeping.
    The Sabbath commandment did not have to be repeated in the New Testament, simply because the people to whom Jesus Christ and the apostles preached would never have imagined that it needed to be repeated! The believers of Jesus’ time had for scriptures ONLY the OT, where the Sabbath law of the Decalogue is found.

    Besides, when the apostles took their message beyond the confines of Judea, Sabbath observance was well known in other parts of the Roman Empire. Notice, for example, what the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, writing during the New Testament period, said: “The multitude of mankind itself have had a great inclination for a long time to follow our religious observances; for there is not any city of the Grecians, nor any of the barbarians, nor any nation whatsoever, whither our custom of resting on the seventh day hath not come … As God himself pervades all the world, so hath our law passed through all the world also” ( Against Apion, Book 2, chap. 40).

    The apostle Paul certainly had a lot to say about how Christians must conduct themselves, including keeping the Sabbath by example. Paul has not mentioned Sabbath-breaking as sin, but James does. (James 2:10-12). In addition 1 John 2:4 states: He who says, “I know Him,” and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. Paul lists Liars as among those “that is contrary to sound doctrine” (1 Tim. 1:10)

    ARTICLE: On the contrary, Paul rebukes the Galatians for thinking God expected them to observe special days, which includes the Sabbath (Galatians 4:10-11). Paul also writes in Colossians 2:16-17 that monthly rituals, eating and drinking restrictions and the celebration of annual festivals should not be the basis for judging other believers. Paul is saying that Christians are not to say it is wrong for other Christians to be working on the Sabbath and they in return should not let anyone make them feel guilty for what they do on the Sabbath.
    COMMENT: (For the accusation of being judgmental- see introduction to the commentary)

    COMMENT: What Paul is talking about in Galatians and Colossians texts cited above involve ceremonial feasts and Sabbaths (plural): special days involving MONTHLY rituals, involving food and drinks, festivals, new moon or Sabbaths (plural). All of these are part of the CEREMONIAL SABBATHS also called Feasts of the Lord listed in Leviticus 23. These ceremonial Sabbaths (plural) are not the same as the 7th day Sabbath. A ceremonial Sabbath can occur on different days of the week, but when it occurs, the day is observed much like the 7th day Sabbath (cessation from work and convocation/assembly). Ceremonial Sabbaths involved food and drinks and festivals.

    These are what Paul referred to as “shadows of things to come” and was “nailed to the cross”. The Sabbath commandment did not involve food and drinks and festivals, and certainly was not nailed to the cross, otherwise the other nine commandments would have been nailed also. The Ten Commandments of which the Sabbath command is a part of, is universally applicable because stealing, lying, adultery, having another god, taking God’s name in vain, covetousness, are applicable not only for the Jews but for all mankind.

    ARTICLE: The reason for this is, these rituals are just a shadow of the things that are yet to come, which is found in Christ. Similarly, Romans 14:5-6 makes it clear that Sabbath-keeping is a matter of spiritual freedom, not a command from God. If a Christian feel he is being led to practice Sabbath-keeping, that is, not working on Saturdays, he may do so but should not judge those who do not keep the Sabbath and sincere Christian.
    COMMENT: The seventh day Sabbath as pointed out does not belong to rituals or shadows. Romans 14:5,6 does not talk about the Sabbath. The word “day” here cannot refer to the Sabbath as Paul’s own practice and writings regularly attest. It probably refers to the various Jewish feast such as Passover and the Day of Atonement, and the days of fasting that preceded them. There is no serious evidence that Christians in a major way were abandoning the Sabbath as early as the time of Paul.

    As the gospels make it clear, the main controversy over the Sabbath in the early church was over HOW to keep it. Early Christians rejected the pharisaical (legalistic) ways of keeping the Sabbath. Paul’s intent in these verses is to urge tolerance for those who are sincere and conscientious in observance of certain ceremonial days, even if those observances are among the “doubtful things” (v.1) [Note: when the letter to the gentiles states that they were not required to be circumcised or obey the ceremonial law- there seems to be hint that some Jewish Christians were still observing or tolerating the observance of the ceremonial law- my view only]

    ARTICLE: There is a Sabbath rest for the people of God whereby believers need to rest and to cease from their own works (Hebrews 4:9-10) in order to allow the living God to work in and through them (Hebrews 13:21). But this Sabbath rest is not for Saturday or Sunday – it is for every day of the week. We do not just come into the presence of God and rest in His peace once a week on Sunday (Lord’s day) but we can come to Him every day.
    COMMENT: Heb. 4:4,5 “For He has spoken in a certain place of the seventh day in this way: “And God rested on the seventh day from all His works”; and again in this place: “They shall not enter My rest.” The Greek word used here for Rest is Sabbatismus- literally seventh-day Sabbath. While we can come into the presence of God any day of the week or anytime of the day, He specifies the Seventh Day Sabbath as MY REST.

    Heb. 4:6-10 “Since therefore it remains that some must enter it, and those to whom it was first preached did not enter because of disobedience, again He designates a certain day, saying in David, “Today,” after such a long time, as it has been said: “Today, if you will hear His voice,
    Do not harden your hearts. ”For if Joshua had given them rest, then He would not afterward have spoken of another day. There remains therefore a rest for the people of God. For he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His.

    EXPLANATION: Israel (to whom it was first preached) “did not enter God’s rest because of disobedience” so TODAY, the Lord says: “the promise remains” (v.1) (meaning the promise is still valid). (what promise?- the promise in Ps. 95- “Today if you will hear His voice, do not harden your hearts”) DO NOT BE DISOBEDIENT so that “some must enter it” (some, meaning God’s people must enter His rest-the promise of the gospel in v. 2 which is salvation). WHAT A GLORIOUS PROMISE THIS IS FOR THE OBEDIENT PEOPLE OF GOD!

    ARTICLE: There is absolutely nothing wrong with worshiping on Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath. In fact, we should worship God every day. Not only on Saturday or Sunday. Many churches today have both Saturday and Sunday services, some even hold worship services every day for church members who need to work on Saturday and Sunday.

    ARTICLE: Christians are in no way obligated to keep the Sabbath command in the Old Testament because they are no longer under the Law, but the principle of keeping one day in a week and making it holy unto the Lord has not changed. Christians should still follow the pattern of designating one day of the week to gather in worship. Six days we work and earn our living, and we designate one day holy unto the Lord to gather in worship, but we do not refer to this as the Sabbath.
    COMMENT: Thus last paragraph is totally unbiblical. “What then? Shall we sin (or break the law) because we are not under the law, but under grace? CERTAINLY NOT! (Rom. 6:15). Someone who is saved by grace is doubly obligated to obey the law, otherwise he/she is under disgrace. If God has forgiven someone from stealing, should this individual continue to steal? Paul says emphatically “Certainly Not”. In Romans 3:31 Paul writes: “Do we then make void the law through faith? Certainly not! (God forbid in the KJV) On the contrary, we establish the law”.

    Where in the Bible do we find the “pattern of designating one day of the week to gather in worship”? Nowhere!
    The last sentence says in part “…we designate one day holy unto the Lord to gather in worship, but we do not refer to this as the Sabbath. How untrue, because no one can designate one day (or any day) holy. It is only God who can designate a day holy, and He had done that way back on creation week. Of course when any individual “designates” any one day of the week “holy” he/she can never refer to it as the Sabbath.

    ADMONITION: Taking a Sabbath rest is an act of faith; it’s a reminder that no matter what we do, God is in control. When we cease from pursuing our material goals for one day each week, we’re saying, “God, I trust You to maintain control while I spend this day focusing on You. I trust You to provide for my needs seven days a week even if I only work for six of them. Regardless of how much money I could earn today, or how much remains on my to-do list from last week, today I’m going to rest my mind and body and bask in Your presence.

    My prayer is for everyone to PRAYERFULLY consider God’s promised blessing in the Sabbath Rest. Shalom.

    1. Hello Dan, thanks for taking the time to share your insights. I really appreciate it.

      Yes, I must admit that there are still a lot of things in the Bible that I do not fully understand and that is why I am spending time to study God’s Word. As regards to the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day, I’ve said my piece already but I would like to share with you what one of my mentors think about this. He is currently doing his Theological studies in one of the best Bible colleges in Asia and at the same time he’s also a professor in that school. So here it is:

      “We have to understand that the commandment to keep the Sabbath was given particularly to the Jews, who were the first intended readers of the books of Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy containing the written Laws. (By the way, please be reminded that I am practicing hermeneutics here based on cultural studies.)

      So how do the Jews practice Sabbath-keeping up to this day? I had the privilege of visiting the Holy Land just recently and I observed during my stay there that the Jews start to observe the Sabbath every Friday beginning at exactly 5:00 PM and ends at exactly the same time on the next day, Saturday. Please be reminded also that while we use the Gregorian calendar, the Jews have their own calendar, different from ours.

      Yes, Saturday is the biblical Sabbath day so if we want to strictly observe the Sabbath rest based on the commandment given to the Jews, we also need to apply the Jewish calendar and even the practice of changing our dates of the month. Based on the Jewish calendar, the day ends at exactly 5:00 PM while using the Gregorian calendar, the day ends at 12:00 midnight.

      While I was in Israel, I noticed that every Friday at exactly 2:00 PM all establishments like government offices, stores, markets, etc. will close in preparation for the Sabbath day and you won’t see anyone on the streets. I was able to take a photo inside Jerusalem one Friday at around 2 PM and I wish I could share it here.

      The question now is: Are those Christian denominations who insist that Sabbath-keeping is still required today able to follow how the Jews practice true Sabbath observance? If not, then they are not really following the commandment in full but only partially. Correct me if I’m wrong.

      Now if we want to fully obey the command to observe the correct day of the Sabbath which is Saturday, not Sunday, we should also follow how the Jews observe the New Year. The Jewish New Year is not January 1st but it usually falls on the month of September, although it moves every year as the Jewish calendar is based on the lunar cycle.”

      — Pastor Rey Razo

      1. May I respectfully address the following comments to Pastor Rey Razo (and other readers in this forum). I presume that you have read all the comments that I wrote regarding this article because you have added “new rationale” against Sabbath-keeping.

        The argument that the “commandment to keep the Sabbath was particularly given to the Jews, who were the first intended readers of the books of Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy containing the written laws…” is a recycled and modified argument from the original “the Sabbath was only for the Jews” or something similar.

        The 4th commandment in part says: “in it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your STRANGER who is within your gates.

        God intends for all mankind to keep the Sabbath, not only Jews, for He included the “STRANGER” in the command. Jesus said: “the Sabbath was made for MAN…” (Greek anthropos- meaning human, mankind). Mark 2:27. He even intends Sabbath keeping for everyone not only now, in this present earth, but in the new heavens and new earth. (Isaiah 66:22, 23)

        Moreover, the Sabbath command does not stand alone. It is part and parcel of the TEN Commandments. So, the question is: were the other NINE also given particularly (only) to the JEWS since they were the first intended readers of Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy? Remember, all Ten Commandments, written by God’s own finger on two tables of stone, were given in its entirety. So, to state the obvious fallacy, if the 4th commandment is only for the Jews, then all the Ten Commandments are also only for the Jews, is that the reasoning? But many Christians say no, we keep the other nine, but not the 4th.

        What did Jesus say? “If you love Me, Keep my Commandments”; and that obviously includes the Sabbath command since Jesus Himself showed us by example that He kept His own law. “So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read”. Luke 4:16.

        Here is where many Christians fail. Jesus, Himself the law-giver, obeyed His own law; but some Christians, by their refusal to keep God’s law, specifically the Sabbath command, but knowingly keep another day which God did not command, may be putting themselves above the law and above the law-giver. I’m wondering if this is not defiance or even rebellion? Jesus further said: “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love”. John 15:10. You see, the essence or motive for keeping God’s commandments, and keeping the Sabbath, is LOVE.

        This is why Jesus summarized the Ten Commandments into: Love for God (first 4 commandments) and love for man (last 6 commandments). After having been saved (justified) we love the ONE who died for our sins. “We love Him because He first loved us”. (1 John 4:19). And because we love Him we obey what He commands. Sabbath-keeping is a delight (Isa. 58:13) as attested to by millions of FAITHFUL Sabbath-keepers the world over. For truly, without love, Sabbath-keeping (and commandment-keeping) is indeed a burden.

        “For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all”. James 2:10
        He who says, I know him, and does not keep his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. (1 John 2:4). Sorry, these are not my words, but the scriptures’.

        Pastor Rey Razo has correctly observed that the Jews {still} observe the Sabbath in today’s Israel. Take note, they observe the Sabbath, not Sunday, the first day of the week. But since when did the Jews become our model and example in Sabbath-keeping and by extension law-keeping? Since when did our fellow humans, including Sabbath-keepers, become our example. We only have Jesus as our perfect example for He alone kept the law perfectly. (Now before making another argument that because only Jesus kept the law perfectly, so we do not have to keep the law since we cannot keep it perfectly anyway-please read on).

        Because Jesus kept the law perfectly, he gave us an example that through His grace we could follow Him. (“I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me”. Phil 4:13). Alice has rightly defined the word Sanctification- a life-long process wherein the saved (justified) Christian lives a Christ-like life until the day of glorification. This side of eternity, we fall, we stumble, we make mistakes, we miss the mark, we sin because of ignorance, we sin inadvertently; because we are still in the PROCESS of sanctification. Even our Sabbath keeping may sometimes fall short of Christ’s ideal. But praise God for His promise: “if we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness”. 1 john 1:9.

        I thank God that He has not made the Jews or even Sabbatarians as our example. This is why, in the new covenant, God said He will write His laws in our heart, the center of our love. Unlike in the old covenant where the law was written in stone, and “all the people said ‘all that the Lord has said we will do’”; (Ex. 24:3,7) but they failed miserably because they trusted only on their own strength. In the new covenant, we trust in God’s strength, not our own, to obey the law written in our heart. (Take note: it is the same “MY LAWS”, that “I will put in their minds, and write them on their hearts”) Hebrews 8:10.

        In line with your observation in Israel, here are some reasons why Jews could never be our example in Sabbath-Keeping:
        1. Biblical day begins with Evening (first) followed by Morning (Gen. chapter 1)
        2. Biblical Sabbath begins at Friday Sunset and ends Saturday sunset. (Lev. 23:32) (Luke 4:31-40- take note especially v.40 where the people waited until the sun was setting (after the Sabbath) before bringing their sick to Jesus). The Sabbath is NOT from Friday 5:30 PM to Saturday 5:30 PM. Neither is it from midnight to midnight.
        3. The Jews had added many laws to regulate Sabbath-keeping (HOW to keep the Sabbath) from tradition, (Hebrew: תרי”ג מצוות‬, taryag mitzvot, “613 mitzvot”), that Jesus condemned as hypocritical (Matt. 15, Mark 7). Most Jews cannot even follow all of these traditions perfectly.
        4. An example of a hypocritical Jewish Sabbath-keeping (which I am guessing you had observed in Israel) is: on Sabbath, a Jew will not even push the elevator button because it would be considered as work. So they let a gentile (non-Jew) to push it instead. Isn’t that ridiculous?
        5. The Jewish people do not even recognize Jesus as the Messiah.
        6. Jesus is our only true pattern and example in Sabbath-keeping because He is the law-giver Himself. He said “it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath”.

        While the Gregorian calendar is not the same as the Jewish calendar, take note that both calendars recognize the Sabbath day as the 7th day of the week. It is remarkable that the Jews had never lost track of when the correct Sabbath day is. Changing the DATES of the calendar (if that is even possible), will not change the 7th day of the week. Saturday is still and will be the 7th day, followed by Sunday, the first day.

        But indeed (FYI-if not yet known) there was a change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar that occurred in the year 1752. September 2, 1752 (Wednesday) was followed by September 14, 1752 (Thursday) (11 days were dropped). But notice that the sequence of days was not changed. Wednesday was followed by Thursday, and so on, hence Saturday still remained as the 7th day of the week. If still in doubt about the true identity of the 7th day Sabbath: Christians refer to resurrection day as Sunday, which the Bible affirms; the day previous is Saturday, the Sabbath. And you yourself acknowledge that the 7th day, Saturday, is the biblical Sabbath.

        God commands us to keep holy only one day- the Sabbath. He did not command us to keep the Jewish New Year or other holiday/s. The problem with Sunday keepers is that they cannot or they refuse to observe the correct ONE day, but suggest to keep Sunday, or any day or even all the days of the week.

        Friday is called Preparation day. The idea is to leave all the mundane/worldly tasks of the week and prepare one’s self to meet the Lord on His Holy Day. Take the example of the women who prepared the spices for Jesus body. Important as the anointing of Jesus’ body was, but because it was the preparation day and the Sabbath drew nigh, they left the task and went to observe the Sabbath (Luke 23:56). We do not have to follow what the Jews do or not do on preparation day. Let each one prepare himself/herself for the Sabbath because on that Holy day, he/she is to meet and commune with His maker.

        The logic of your reasoning therefore is: Since we cannot keep the Sabbath as the Jews practice it, then we should not keep the Sabbath at all. Instead we should keep Sunday; or any other day except the Sabbath. Many Christians spend more time giving reasons and alibi to discredit Sabbath-keeping in order to justify Sunday-keeping. Why? Because there is absolutely ZERO biblical evidence for Sunday-keeping. Sunday-Keeping is a man-made tradition, and we know what Jesus said about those who follow tradition rather than obey God’s command. Peter and the other apostles cannot put it more bluntly: “We ought to obey God rather than men”. Acts 5:29

        It is a pleasure to exchange views with Pastor Rey Razo, who I believe is an honest and sincere Christian, and also is practicing hermeneutics. However, I humbly say, without malice or any offense, that no degree in theology can take the place of law-breaking. The scribes, priests and Pharisees were experts in scriptures, perhaps with enviable hermeneutics. Sad to say their knowledge was in the wrong place or inadequate at the least. Yet the good news is that when the gospel was preached to them, many of the priests were converted. (see Acts 6:7)

        Saul, before he became Paul, thought he had it all right. Taught under Gamaliel, the most distinguished teacher of his time, zealous toward God, willing to kill or be killed for what he believed; yet when he encountered Jesus on the Damascus road, found out that his knowledge and zeal were in the wrong place. (Acts 22).

        In times of ignorance God overlooks (winked His eye in KJV) Acts 17:30. God overlooks those who have not known the Sabbath command. But when one deliberately refuses to know (when he has the opportunity to know) or deliberately refuses to obey, the dire warning follows in v. 31. I pray that more study be done on this important subject. I understand that no argument on this topic can persuade someone to either agree or disagree. Only the Holy Spirit can guide us into all truth (John 16:13).

        Blessings to you all.

        1. Hello Dan,

          Just want you to know that Ptr. Rey has read your comments and understood very well your point. However, he has chosen to not respond because according to him, the issue is no longer the Sabbath command but the way your reference texts were interpreted and used as proof texts. As you have read in his comment, hermeneutics is important if we want to properly interpret and apply the Bible.

          Here is just a part of what he said in our discussion on FB: “I’d rather not reply anymore, especially when he (meaning you) used Mark 2 and Isaiah as reference texts. Let us not forget that the Gospels (Mark) are interpreted differently from prophetic books (Isaiah).”

          It was a pleasure sharing with you, God bless!

          1. Hello Dan, thanks for coming back. Your video attachment is not new to us, we’ve seen this many times over; different versions but the same message. And I say this again, it doesn’t matter if the Roman Catholics claimed to have changed the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday because this is not what happened. And Christians should know better than to keep believing a lie.

            This reminds me of the story of Christian Apologist Ravi Zacharias when he spoke at a university where the professors were hard-core atheists. After answering their questions about the validity of the Christian faith for 3 hours, the chairman of that institute approached him and said, “Mr. Zacharias, I wanna thank you for coming here, and what you’ve told us today I believe is the truth. But it’s very difficult to change after 70 years of believing a lie.”

            That’s exactly what I am trying to say here; that it’s very difficult to change after many years of believing a lie. If people will just read the New Testament, setting aside their pre-conceived notions, they will see clearly how the Jerusalem Church gathered on the first day of the week for worship and sacrifice, not Saturday.

            I will keep repeating this until it sinks through, the Sabbath Law in the Old Testament is different from the concept of Sabbath in the New Testament after the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Sabbath that the New Testament talks about is the rest that we find in Jesus, the Lord of the Sabbath. And this is why holding church services on any day of the week is not an issue to the Christians today.

            God bless!

  12. Great article. I haven’t heard of some of the books you mentioned.

    The latest one I have read is “Sabbath as Resistance: Saying No to the Culture of Now”. I don’t think the author, however, makes your distinction between Sabbath and the Lord’s Day.

    I sometimes move my own personal “Sabbath” to another day if something comes up like we’re on vacation. I know I don’t have to take the Sabbath, but I feel it’s another way to show God honor in a small way that really doesn’t interfere with life much if you kind of plan on it.

    Thanks for these references!

    1. Hello TJ, 

      I’m glad you stopped by.

      For anyone who wants a biblical, historical and theological investigation if the Sabbath practiced by the Israelites in the Old Testament times was changed to Sunday, “From Sabbath to Lord’s Day” by D.A. Carson is a great reference book. This book is authored by D.A. Carson along with 6 other Bible scholars to demonstrate the lack of canonical support for the “transfer theory” of Sabbath obligations to Sunday.

      Today, Christians are not obligated to keep the Sabbath as practiced in the Old Testament but it’s also okay if they want to set aside one day to rest. But it would be much better and pleasing to the Lord if we will set aside at least one day each week for worship and fellowship. 

      Giving one day in seven to the Lord is one way of honoring God.

      God bless you!

  13. Hello Alice,

    I really enjoyed reading and spending time on your website. It is an extremely detailed post and I look forward to visiting in the future for continued inspiration. The info that you present on doctrine is essential for anyone that calls themselves a Christian. I also enjoyed reading other readers comments and you responded with grace and to the point. This website is a great resource for fellow Christians and non-Christians for information and inspiration.

    As regards to the Lord’s Day and the Sabbath, I agree that Christians are in no way obligated to keep the Old Testament Sabbath because they’re no longer under the Law. However, I believe that Christians should set aside one day in a week for worship and fellowship. 

    God bless,
    Mike

    1. Hello Mike,

      Thank you so much for the encouraging comment. I hope to reach out to more readers looking for information on the Word of God and inspiration.

      The Sabbath observance has been an issue of disagreement among Christians for as long as I can remember but I believe we have the choice to keep it or not. What really matters is that we give one day to the Lord.

      Blessings!

  14. Hi Alice, I really enjoyed your website, it’s full of some really great information. The info that you present on doctrine I too believe is essential for someone calling themselves a Christian.
    As Christians, it’s critical for us to continue on a growth track which is what I believe your site design is targeting. For those eager to learn and grow deeper in their faith, your website is a great resource.
    Blessings,
    Jim M

    1. Shalom Jim,

      Thank you so much for your encouraging feedback. I’ve been really wanting to have my own platform to blog about God’s word and His goodness and faithfulness. I am also targeting Christian audience who may hold different views from mine with regards to biblical doctrines as I want to learn from them.

      Since this article is about the seemingly controversial Sabbath Law and the Lord’s Day, I would have wanted to hear your thoughts. Anyway, thanks again and God bless!

  15. Such an important topic.
    I needed an article just like this where one mentions the “Sabbath” vs the “Lord’s day.”
    This came at the right time; for His times are perfect.
    I have a male friend in his early thirties who never rests. He is stressed and overwhelmed. He goes to church but doesn’t rest. I don’t know if he thinks that time is resting or what goes on in his mind. Then I’ve got my dad who is very similar. He is always working but the type that if he is not working in his career, he is working in fixing or building something with his own hands. So to me, he doesn’t rest.
    What would you tell a believer who doesn’t congregate, thinks the bible got corrupted by generations but still believes in it and lives his entire life working? A male that is really old fashioned but military minded.

    1. Hey Linda,
      The biblical Sabbath means taking a timeout from our activities. Jesus Himself said that the Sabbath was made for the benefit of man, not a burden or an obligation.
      As regards to your friend who goes to church but never rests, we don’t know really what he’s thinking. Or maybe he’s just a workaholic and doesn’t think he needs to take a break. Perhaps, going to church to rest in God’s presence feels adequate for him that he doesn’t really need some time off. What matters most is that he does not forget to give one day to the Lord. He may not be keeping the Sabbath but he follows the Christian principle of keeping the Lord’s day.

      I’m not sure I’m getting you right when you said that one could still believe in the Bible although he thinks it’s been corrupted. If you are to throw some accusations, at least be consistent. Fellowship is very important for believers for spiritual growth. We are also exhorted to be an encouragement to others, but for some reasons, there are Christians who think they can do it all on their own. Of course, we cannot force people to go to church but we just need to keep encouraging them that being a Christian does not only mean believing in Jesus and the Bible but it also involves fellowship.

  16. We have to understand that the commandment to keep the Sabbath was given particularly to the Jews, who were the first intended readers of the books of Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy containing the written Laws. (By the way, please be reminded that I am practicing hermeneutics here based on cultural studies.)

    So how do the Jews practice Sabbath-keeping up to this day? I had the privilege of visiting the Holy Land just recently and I observed during my stay there that the Jews start to observe the Sabbath every Friday beginning at exactly 5:00 PM and ends at exactly the same time on the next day, Saturday. Please be reminded also that while we use the Gregorian calendar, the Jews have their own calendar, different from ours.

    Yes, Saturday is the biblical Sabbath day so if we want to strictly observe the Sabbath rest based on the commandment given to the Jews, we also need to apply the Jewish calendar and even the practice of changing our dates of the month. Based on the Jewish calendar, the day ends at exactly 5:00 PM while using the Gregorian calendar, the day ends at 12:00 midnight.

    While I was in Israel, I noticed that every Friday at exactly 2:00 PM all establishments like government offices, stores, markets, etc. will close in preparation for the Sabbath day and you won’t see anyone on the streets. I was able to take a photo inside Jerusalem one Friday at around 2 PM and I wish I could share it here.

    The question now is: Are those Christian denominations who insist that Sabbath-keeping is still required today able to follow how the Jews practice true Sabbath observance? If not, then they are not really following the commandment in full but only partially. Correct me if I’m wrong.

    Now if we want to fully obey the command to observe the correct day of the Sabbath which is Saturday, not Sunday, we should also follow how the Jews observe the New Year. The Jewish New Year is not January 1st but it usually falls on the month of September, although it moves every year as the Jewish calendar is based on the lunar cycle.

    1. Thanks for weighing in brother Rey and thank you for giving a cultural background of the Sabbath observance.

      Keeping the Sabbath has been a hotly-debated topic among Christians for as long as I can remember so it’s really nice to hear an explanation from someone who is keen on applying hermeneutics (proper biblical interpretation) on difficult passages such as this.

      I also hope to visit the Holy Land in the near future, the Lord-willing, so as to get a better grasp and understanding of the Word of God, geography-wise.

  17. In the Old Testament time, God enforced the Sabbath Day into Law to the people of Israel. We can see that in the following passages: Exodus 20:8-9; Exodus 23:12; Exodus 31:15; Deuteronomy 5:12; Leviticus 26:2.

    For them, The Old Testament system of Law required keeping the Sabbath as part of the overall moral, legal, and sacrificial system by which the Jewish people satisfied God’s requirements for behavior, government, and forgiveness of sins.

    The Sabbath was part of the Law in that sense. In order to “remain” in favor with God, you had to also keep the Sabbath. If it was not kept, then the person was in sin and would often be punished (Ezekiel 18:4; Romans 6:23; Deuteronomy 13:1-9; Numbers 35:31; Leviticus 20:2, etc.).

    But as Gentile Believers of the new covenant, Jesus’ atonement, and justification by faith (Romans 5:1), we are no longer covered & required to keep the Law and hence what apostle said, the Sabbath was only a shadow of things to come (Colossians 2:16-17).

    Paul explain further, We are not under Law, but under grace (Romans 6:14-15).

    The Sabbath is fulfilled in Jesus because in Him we have rest (Matthew 11:28).

    We are not under obligation to keep the Law and this goes for the Sabbath as well, for Jesus Himself was the Lord of the Sabbath (Matt. 12:8).

    1. Shalom Ben, thanks for sharing your insight with regards to Sabbath-keeping. The Scripture passages you enumerated do give us a strong foundation in believing that Christians are not in anyway obligated to keep the Sabbath.

      But following the principle of giving at least one day in seven for the Lord is something believers should strive to maintain.

      God bless!

  18. Hi Alice,
    I enjoyed reading your post and from my belief as a Christian found it to be Christ centered and thought provoking. I think the biggest difference and I believe that you made it clear in your post is that keeping the Sabbath was an old testament covenant under the law; whereas, The Lord’s Day is a new testament covenant under grace. As new testament Christians, we are not obligated to keep the Sabbath but we should set aside one day in seven to rest and fellowship with God and each other. To use it as a day to renew our initial commitment to Christ and our oneness with other believers. Best wishes and God bless!
    Queen

    1. Hi Queen, thanks for your comment, I truly appreciate it.

      I wrote this article for the very reason that many believers are still hung up with Sabbath-keeping which is very evident in Christian forums and social media groups. This has led to confusion among new believers especially with the popular theory that the Roman Catholics changed the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday which can easily be refuted by reading the Gospels, the book of Acts and Paul’s epistles. The New Testament Apostolic Church gathered in worship and fellowship on the Lord’s day, Sunday.

      While believers today are not in anyway obligated to keep  the Sabbath, giving one day to the Lord for worship and fellowship with other believers is commendable. 

      Shalom and God bless! 

  19. I happen to be a Seventh-Day Adventist.
    I believe in the Sabbath as a weekly day of rest, set aside for us by God, to rest and reconnect with Him and his creation.

    You mention the Sabbath is only first mentioned in the Bible in Exodus. Exodus 16:22-26 to be correct.
    It’s inaccurate.

    In the Hebrew translation, the Sabbath (as the verb שָׁבַת֙ šāḇaṯ) is first mentioned in the Genesis creation narrative, where the seventh day is set aside as a day of rest (in Hebrew, Shabbat), and made holy by God
    So the first time it was mentioned in the Bible happens to be in Genesis 2:2–3, during creation.

    When it is later mentioned in Exodus, it’s said as a reminder to the Israelite people who had spent 400 years in slavery. After 400 years, you forget things, especially when you’re a slave and the right to rest on a day has been taken from you a long time ago.

    So it’s a myth to say the Sabbath was made for the Jewish people only. It started at creation, and it was intended for everyone.

    The funny thing is, in Exodus 20: 8-11, the commandment starts by: “Remember” the Sabbath day to keep it holy
    Ironically, it’s the one people struggle with the most.

    And keep in mind that this commandment is found in the ten commandments parts, where it’s also written not to steal, not to commit murder or adultery. So why would one of these commandments be canceled?

    Jesus, all the apostles, including Paul were all observing it. If we’re encouraged to be the followers of Christ, why would differ from that?

    The Catholic church has admitted explicitly that they’re the ones who have changed this observation day. You can visit tons of site. They admit plainly without any ambiguity. Even the protestants reformers were observing the Sabbath.So why shouldn’t we?

    Now I hope I’m encouraging you to make more research as to how, why and by who the day of adoration was changed from the 7th to the first day of the week. I don’t think you mean harm, but your page goes against the word of the Lord. The Bible. So you’re not in business with me, nor with human beings. What you wrote goes against the Lord.

    I’m not saying either that keeping the Sabbath will lead to eternal life. No, because no one can thoroughly observe the law. That’s why Jesus died for us. But he doesn’t say to forget the 10 commandments entirely because he paid the price for our sins.He accomplished the ceremonial laws, being the perfect lamb who sacrificed himself for us. But he also says “If you love me, keep my commandments,” which he summarized in Love thy God and thy neighbor. Notice that the love of God is manifested by the first 4 commandments and the love for our neighbors should be demonstrated by trying to keep the 6 remaining ones.

    I honestly don’t care whether you post this comment on your blog or not (I don’t believe you will). I don’t think it’s a coincidence. We’re 2 fellow WA who don’t know eachother, in a vast community. Why did I end up commenting on your site? I don’t know the exact reason. But you do need to be very careful about what you post, you could be well intended, but even Paul was well-intended when he was persecuting the Christians….

    I pray you will find the light.
    God bless you

    1. Hello RN Didi, 

      I agree, it’s no coincidence that we crossed paths here at WA. 

      I mean well when I wrote this post. It is never my intention to demean or put down other religious denominations, especially the Sabbatarians. And contrary to what you think, I did approve your comment and I want it read by others who may have questions about the Sabbath and the Lord’s day for clarity.

      So first point, if you go back and read my article very carefully, I did say that the first mention of the Sabbath in “some significant way” after it was given to man was in Exodus 16:22-26 although it had its origin in Genesis 2:2-3 when God rested after completing His work of creation. It’s very important to note that although God rested on the seventh day, there’s no command given to man to observe it until the Ten Commandments was given in Exodus 20. It wasn’t even called Sabbath in Genesis 2:2-3 but only 7th day.

      Second point, I said that the observance of the Sabbath is in no way associated with worship and sacrifice; instead, it’s a day instituted by God for the nation of Israel to “rest” and remember their covenant with Him. It’s not a day commanded by God for them to go to the temple/tabernacle to commune with Him. The Sabbath command was to do no work on the Sabbath day. The word Sabbath means “to rest” or “to cease” from any work, not a day for worship or adoration. Yes, it is included in the 10 commandments but it’s interesting to note that among all the commandments, keeping the Sabbath is the only one not repeated in the New Testament. While the nine commandments were repeated and put even on a higher standard, the command about the Sabbath is not. 

      In Mark 2:27, Jesus said that the Sabbath was made for man and not man for the Sabbath. What did He mean?That the Sabbath was instituted to  give man rest from his labors. If the church is strictly required to keep the 4th commandment, I find it odd that Jesus and His disciples, especially Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles, did not impose it. Paul warned the Christians about many different sins in his epistles, but breaking the Sabbath was never one of them. As I mentioned in my post, at the council of Jerusalem, the church leaders did not include Sabbath observance among the commands for Gentile believers to keep. But I doubt if you read the article in its entirety because I addressed all your questions towards the end. 

      Paul said in Colossians 2:16-17 that festivals (including Sabbath observance) are only shadows of things yet to come, but the substance is of Christ. Old Testament regulations, including Sabbath observances are ceremonial, not moral aspects of the Law, so they are no longer binding but have passed away along with the sacrificial system and all other aspects of the Mosaic Law that prefigured Christ. So as I said, Sabbath-keeping is a matter of spiritual freedom, not a command from God. If a Christian feels he is being led to practice Sabbath-keeping, that is, not working on Saturdays, he may do so but should not judge those who do not keep the Sabbath. 

      Yes, it certainly was the case that the apostles frequented the synagogues on the Sabbath for the purpose of proclaiming the gospel. That is where the greatest concentration of Jews would have been (Acts 13:14; 17:1-2, etc.), and the message regarding Jesus was to be spoken first to them (Rom. 1:16). But where is the evidence that the early church, under divine guidance, came together to worship God on the Sabbath day?

      If I am going against the word of God by saying that Sabbath observance is no longer binding upon Christians then let God be the judge. But I suggest you also do a thorough study of Scriptures, read the Gospels, the book of Acts and all the epistles of Paul if you will find any explicit command to keep the Sabbath. And if you can give me a passage wherein the Sabbath is associated with worship and temple sacrifice, I will be glad to look into it. Because so far, no Sabbatarian could give a text or passage to support this claim.

      Third and the most important point, because it is the main point of the article, the Sabbath and the Lord’s day are different days and commemorate different events. The Sabbath was not changed from Saturday to Sunday, so to speak of Sunday as the Sabbath is quite wrong, because for the Christian there is no such thing. Sunday is not the Sabbath. The biblical Sabbath is the seventh day (Saturday) which commemorates God’s rest after He completed His work of creation; while the Lord’s day, the first day (Sunday) commemorates the resurrection of our Lord. The Lord’s Day is primarily and essentially a day when we celebrate that Jesus Christ has risen from the dead — He is therefore alive and with us here and now, thus we gather to worship Him together. 

      It doesn’t matter if the Roman Catholics are claiming they were the ones who changed the Sabbath to Sunday because the New Testament Christians (the Apostolic Church) kept Sunday as the day of worship and fellowship, and that is why Christians today gather on Sunday. Gathering on the first day of the week has been the practice of Christians from the beginning and did not just start during the 4th century. 

      By the way, I encourage you to look into my recommended resource “From Sabbath to Lord’s Day: A Biblical, Historical and Theological Investigation” by D.A. Carson. 

      Shalom and God bless you!

    2. In Colossians 2:16, no one shall pass judgment on anyone regarding food, festival, including Sabbath. It is therefore unbiblical to be legalistic and to pass judgment on either Saturday or Sunday worship.

      Laying down the plow and taking a day off from a week’s toil is a blessing. However, true rest is to rest in the Lord.

      In Romans 14:5-9, one day is better than another while all days are just alike for others. The one who observes the day, observes it in honor of the Lord.

      With this, and coming from a lay person’s mind such as mine, although some of the readers may not agree, I believe that it is not which day it is that is important. It is far better using our time wisely rather than digging deeper on which day I should worship my God. It is God, the only one we worship in spirit and in truth that matters the most! Whatever day it may be, do it then to worship, honor and glorify the Lord!

      God bless us all!

  20. I didn’t know about the “Sabbath day”. I’m really surprised about some of the information on this post. It’s certainly an interesting point of view. Very engaging. Now I understand more about it after reading this post. And it’s actually pretty interesting. In fact I thought that it was on Saturday from the latin word “Sabato” which in Italian means Saturday. According to biblical study, it took God seven days to create the heavens and the earth and on the 7th He rested.

    1. The mere mention of the word “Sabbath” has everyone thinking it refers to Saturday. But while this is true because the Sabbath is the seventh day, the emphasis of the Sabbath is the day that God rested, which He also commanded the nation of Israel to keep as a sign of His covenant with Him when He gave them the 10 commandments.

      So whether Christians choose to observe the Sabbath as taught in the Old Testament is a matter of preference and conviction. But to judge Christians who do not keep the Sabbath practice is simply wrong.

  21. I had never heard or thought of “Sabbath day” related to worship. This is so new to me. I know it’s not related but wow. Who would see it that way? So interesting. I have a new way to view it. A funny way actually. The letters “Sab” from Sabbath in the Spanish language is how “Sabado” meaning Saturday starts. If you think abut it; God rested on the 7th day and the weeks starts on a Sunday (not Monday) so it’s totally connected. There is another similarity within the language with the term “Tithe” in Spanish; but that’s another topic.

    1. Hello Linda,

      That’s exactly the point I tried to emphasize in the article, that the Sabbath was never associated with a day worship and sacrifice, but a day when God rested after finishing His work of creation and what He instituted for the nation of Israel as a sign of His covenant with them. Who would see the Sabbath as a day of worship? The Sabbatarians! That’s why they always insist that the Sabbath was changed from Saturday to Sunday during the fourth century. They insist that Christians should gather in worship on Saturday not Sunday because Saturday is the Sabbath and it should be the day that we give to the Lord.

      Sabbath means rest, and yes the first 3 letters “Sab” is how Saturday in Spanish starts (The Philippines being colonized by the Spaniards also refer to Saturday as Sabado.) But the Lord’s day, Sunday, is the traditional worship day for Christians as practiced by the New Testament Church. But if a Christian feels led to keep the Sabbath, then he must do it. He can choose to stay home with his family and remember the goodness of God but he should not judge those who do not keep it because it’s important to note that the commandment to keep the Sabbath is nowhere repeated in the New Testament, so it is not binding to Christians today.

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