Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What is a Doctrine?

By definition, a doctrine is said to be a set of beliefs, a principle or creed of principles or a system of beliefs held and taught by a Church, political party or another group. Like every major world religion, Christianity has its own doctrines which can be classified as major or fundamental and minor doctrines.

Why is doctrine important? Why should Christians know the doctrines of the Bible?

1) The first and foremost reason for studying doctrines is because we love God. If we love God, we’ll want to know all about Him – His nature, His character, His purposes, His commandments; about the work, He’s doing in the world, about His work in saving people and about His plans for the future. In other words, we’ll want to study ‘doctrine’. All our doctrines are about God.

2) We also need to study doctrines because what you believe will shape your spiritual life. The way you think about God will affect the way you relate to God. If you don’t believe in the deity of Jesus Christ then it follows that you don’t believe that He is the only way to the Father.

The same is true with the doctrine of the Trinity. If you don’t believe in the Trinity, you can’t believe that God is eternally loving. It’s the doctrine of the Trinity that gives us the confidence to believe that love is in the very nature of God. Studying doctrine is about finding out the truth about God so we can relate to Him in a more personal way.

3) Thorough knowledge of Bible doctrines will give you the tools to sort out all the practical problems of living in this complex fallen world – even in matters where the Bible doesn’t speak directly. In other words, we won’t know how to live in this world without knowing doctrines because without it we won’t understand the world we live in.

4) We need to study Bible doctrine so that we will be equipped to share the good news of salvation to the lost world. We have to be competent to answer questions. What are you going to say to someone who asks how God can allow a tsunami to sweep away the scores of thousands of people? How can you answer that question if you’ve never grappled with the doctrine of God’s sovereignty?

How do you answer when your child says to you ‘I’ve tried to become a Christian but it didn’t work?’ You’ll need a very clear grasp then of just what saving faith is, and how it relates to the human will, and where assurance fits in.

Dorothy Sayers in her essay Creed or Chaos had the following to say on the fundamental problem of trying to practice the Christian faith without knowing what it actually is all about:


“It is worse than useless for Christians to talk about the importance of Christian morality unless they are prepared to take their stand upon the fundamentals of Christian theology. It is a lie to say that dogma does not matter; it matters enormously.

It is fatal to let people suppose that Christianity is only a mode of feeling; it is vitally necessary to insist that it is first and foremost a rational explanation of the universe.

It is hopeless to offer Christianity as a vaguely idealistic aspiration of a simple and consoling kind; it is, on the contrary, a hard, tough, exacting, and complex doctrine, steeped in a drastic and uncompromising realism. And it is fatal to imagine that everybody knows quite well what Christianity is and needs only a little encouragement to practice it.

The brutal fact is that in this nation not one person in a hundred has the faintest notion what the Church teaches about God or man or society or the person of Jesus Christ.

Sound Doctrine

Doctrine must be true and sound. It must come from God, not from mere men (John 7:16). In several of his letters, it’s evident how the apostle Paul placed a very high value on a doctrine which is true and must be sound (1 Timothy 1:3, 10; Titus 1:9). John urges us also to ignore and reject anyone who does not abide by the doctrines of Christ in 2 John 9-10.

Five Fundamental Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Christian doctrines can be classified into major and minor. Major doctrines are those that have great effect or impact on one’s salvation. Minor doctrines, on the other hand, are those that are considered secondary. Secondary doctrines are those that Christians often debate or disagree about but have little or no impact on salvation.

There are five fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith which constitute the basic theology of our faith. Without these five doctrines, we cannot be considered as Bible-believing, Christ-centered, and Spirit-baptized Christian. We understand that many Christians today come from varied backgrounds and denominations and they faithfully believe and teach the five core doctrines of the faith.

However, there are also many false teachers today who call themselves Christians but deliberately deny one or more of these core doctrines by teaching explicitly or implicitly against them.

These five doctrines are essential and anyone who does not hold to these doctrines cannot be considered Christian at all because he does not understand and has not believed in the full Gospel message. Any person or movement or who teaches anything contrary to or undermines these five doctrines must be rebuked (if they claim to be Christians) and, if they do not repent must be rejected according to the Word of the Lord.

The Five Fundamental Doctrines of Christianity include the following:

1) The Trinity – There is one God in three persons.

2) The Person of Jesus Christ – Jesus is fully man and fully God for all eternity.

3) Salvation – It is by grace alone through faith alone in Christ alone.

4) The Scripture – It is entirely inerrant and sufficient for all Christian life.

5) The Second Coming of Christ – Jesus Christ is coming back to earth to rule and judge.


For a more in-depth study of the essential doctrines of the Christian faith,  get the book “Bible Doctrine: Essential Teachings of the Christian Faith” by Wayne Grudem and Jeff Purswell.

How do we know the Bible is God’s Word? What is sin and where did it come from? How is Jesus fully God and fully man? What are spiritual gifts? When and how will Christ return? If you’ve asked questions like these, then “systematic theology” is no abstract term. It’s an approach to finding answers every Christian needs to know.

Bible Doctrine takes a highly commended upper-level textbook on systematic theology and makes it accessible to the average reader. Abridged from Wayne Grudem’s award-winning Systematic Theology, Bible Doctrine covers the same essentials of the faith, giving you a firm grasp on seven key topics:

  • The Doctrine of the Word of God
  • The Doctrine of God
  • The Doctrine of Man
  • The Doctrine of Christ
  • The Doctrine of the Application of Redemption
  • The Doctrine of the Church
  • The Doctrine of the Future

Like Systematic Theology, this book is marked by its clarity, its strong scriptural emphasis, its thoroughness in scope and detail, and its treatment of such timely topics as spiritual warfare and the gifts of the Spirit.

But you don’t need to have had several years of Bible school to reap the full benefits of Bible Doctrine. It’s easy to understand–and it’s packed with solid, biblical answers to your most important questions.

26 Replies to “Doctrines of the Christian Faith”

  1. Reasons for rejecting the Trinity:

    1. You go about to kill me a man who has told you the truth.
    2. Jesus a man approved of God
    3. It is not me but my Father does the works and the words aren’t mine but my Fathers.’
    4. God was in the Anointed reconciling the world to himself
    5. Your chosen disciples shall do greater works than me (Jesus) but don’t go grasping at any equality with God because as Jesus insists ‘my Father is greater than I’ and all.
    6. Jesus said the first commandment is “The Lord OUR God is one” and warned by his reference to the brazen serpent that to worship past its prescribed function becomes sin for God’s people.
    7. Biblical-Christianity? You haven’t escaped the blind alleys of Orthodoxy which is nothing but the seizure of biblical truth by that spirit which infested Diogenes.

    Biblical truth is ‘when they perceived that they were ignorant and unlearned men they took knowledge of them that they had been with Jesus’ praise the ever-living Father of our Lord Jesus.

    Jeff Benner insists that John 1 is best understood as saying, in the beginning, was the teaching & co. Wakefield’s 19th Century version has Wisdom for Logos but the idea remains that that wisdom which produced the material creation and teaching that was given to Israel that they might live by them was now embodied in Jesus, Israel’s God’s final prophet to them and the true heir of the promises made to them thus his prophetic son ‘today you have become my son’ ‘declared the son of God with power through or by his resurrection from the dead.’

    As Jesus insists his death was his true baptism of faith which faith was that God would not leave his righteous soul in Hades and Hebrews declares that the God of peace brought again our Great shepherd from the dead because IT WAS NOT POSSIBLE that death could hold him thus biblical faith understands that Jesus has broken the power of death for the righteous.

    Peace.

    1. Hey Phillip,

      Thank you for taking the time to read this post.

      You gave 7 reasons to reject the Trinity but I don’t think you made a good argument here.

      We may not read the word Trinity in the Bible but if we take what the apostles and disciples of Jesus wrote and believed at face value, we will see that they clearly believed Jesus is God.

      If you really want to prove from the Scriptures that there is no such thing as a Trinity, you’re gonna have to disprove Jesus’ divine nature. And I’d say it’s pretty hard to do that because the Old Testament testifies that Jesus has always existed. After all, He is the eternal Son of God.

      I can give you all the arguments to prove that Jesus wasn’t just a human being but also divine in nature right here but to save me some time, I would like to direct you to a post that deals with the arguments against the deity of Christ.

      Here’s the link:
      https://biblical-christianity.com/arguments-against-the-deity-of-christ

      Shalom!

      1. Deut. 6:4 Hear O Israel, the Lord (Jehovah), our God (Jehovah), the Lord (Jehovah) is One.
        One in Hebrew is Echad, a compound Unity. Adam knew his wife and they became one flesh …. basar echad.

        Echad does mean ‘one’, an utterly unique oneness. Even Rabbi Maimonides said that in Deut. 6:4, God’s ‘oneness’ is incomparable and unique. Saying that ‘echad’ is the number ‘one’ then would be idolatry since Maimonides said that God’s ‘oneness’ could not be compared to anything, even the number one.

        In Genesis 1:1,2: In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth…. the word for God is ‘Elohim’ which can mean judges, gods, people …. from the context in Genesis 1:1, it is not speaking of judges, gods (idols), or people but about plurality in Jehovah … a plurality of Persons.

        Also note in other places in Genesis: Let US create God in our image (note, not images but image … Let US in Gen 11:7 Come, let US go down and there confuse their language, so that they may not understand one another’s speech … God never consorted with angels for counsel. “US” refers to Elohim, the TriUne Personage of Jehovah.

        Jesus Christ (Yeshua HaMaschiach) is the 2nd Person of that TriUnity/Trinity, Co-equal with Jehovah the Father and Jehovah the Holy Spirit.

        Remember now your Creator in the days of your youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw near, when you shall say, I have no pleasure in them; Ecclesiastes 12:1

        Actually, the word Creator is in the plural in the Hebrew and should be translated thus: Remember now your Creators in the days of your youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw near, when you shall say, I have no pleasure in them;

        Creator.—This occurs as a Divine name in Isaiah 40:23; Isaiah 44:15, and elsewhere. Here it is in the plural, like the Divine name Elohim. (See also Note on Ecclesiastes 12:8.) We have “thy Maker” in the plural in Job 35:10; Psalm 149:2; Isaiah 54:5; and “Holy One” in Proverbs 9:10; Proverbs 30:3; Hosea 11:12

        Denial of the Trinity will undoubtedly lead one to the Lake of Fire after the Great White Throne Judgement. Remember the Words of John 1:1-4 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

        1. Hello Anon,

          Thank you so much for your insightful comment.

          You have truly made a very compelling argument for the Trinity Doctrine, which apparently is getting continuously attacked not only by non-Christians (Muslims and devout Jews) but even by those who claim to be Christians. I am amazed how one could claim to be a follower of Christ and yet does not believe Jesus’ own claim for Himself.

          Jesus did claim to be God; Scriptures are clear that the Holy Spirit is God. And yet there is only one God. So, how do we make sense of this? The Doctrine of the Trinity settles it. God is one in being and three in person. There is no contradiction!

          These information you have shared with me and the readers/visitors of this site are very helpful.

          I certainly agree; denial of the Trinity will lead one to eternal damnation. As one famous quote says, “When you try to understand the Trinity, you could lose your mind. But when you deny the Trinity, you will lose your soul.”

          Shalom, Anon. May the good Lord continually bless you and your ministry.

      2. The word clearly states that God is a Spirit, therefore it is not possible for God to be a person! The ONLY person is Jesus Christ, in the beginning was the word, and the word was with God and the word was God. With John 1:14 and the word was made flesh and dwelt among them and they knew him not…….also the trinity says there are 3-persons???

        Which scripture says there is only ONE BODY (person) and that is Jesus Christ, the Father and the Holy Ghost are each Spirits.

        Also the trinity teaches that God “the Father” is the Father of Jesus Christ, yet scripture clearly says. Now the birth of Jesus was in no wise like this, when his mother Mary who was espoused to Joseph and before they came together was found with child of the Holy Ghost???

        So you tell me??? IF THE FATHER, SON AND THE HOLY GHOST EACH ARE A PERSON, according to scripture wore that not make the person of the HOLY GHOST Jesus’ Father?? OR was The Father there as well?? OR IS IT AS SCRIPTURE SAYS, God the Father and The Holy Spirit are ONE.

        In which case the HOLY GHOST (who is the Father) IS the FATHER of Jesus who was the flesh of the ONE TRUE GOD???

        1. Hello Biddie,

          Thank you for chiming in.

          You are absolutely correct, God is a Spirit but that does not mean He can’t exist in three distinct persons. There is only one God, Deuteronomy 6:4 is very clear on that. But nowhere in Scripture does it say that God is only one person.

          By the way, when Trinitarians (like me) say that God is a person, we are not actually saying that God is a human being. Person in a theological sense does not mean “human.” Rather, it means God possesses “personality” and that He is a rational Being with self-awareness.

          Theologians often define person as “an individual being with a mind, emotions, and a will.” God definitely has an intellect (Psalm 139:17), emotions (Psalm 78:41), and volition (1 Corinthians 1:1). So, yes, God is a person. And there are three persons in the Godhead: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

          Perhaps your follow-up question would be, “How can God be one and three?” Isn’t that a contradiction? Let me refer you a short video of a former Muslim, turned Christian apologist (defender of the Christian faith) where he explains the Trinity in a way that is easy to understand even by non-Bible scholars.

          Here’s the link: https://youtu.be/Np9u3MyOV30

          Shalom, God bless!

    1. Hi Jeanette,

      Thanks for your comment. I just wished you did not just drop me a verse, but gave a bit of explanation why you quoted it.

      Do you agree or disagree with the above-mentioned five fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith? I hope you will come back to clarify your stand.

      God bless!

  2. Replying to the last comment… apparently the commenter (Dan) doesn’t know 7th day Adventist.

    I would not even remotely identify you as a 7th Day Adventist. Anyone who knows Adventist knows they would have listed in the majors the 7th day Sabbath. 7th day Adventists hold to the notion Sunday worship is the mark of the beast, so it is essential to worship on the 7th day Sabbath.

    The essentials are God alone, Christ alone, Scripture alone, Grace alone, Faith alone, to the glory of God alone … What is essential? Here it is:
    “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.” Romans 10:9

    1. Hi Jim,

      Thanks for chiming in. Yeah, I was also surprised that a 7th Day Adventist would suspect I was one of them. So what I did was send him a link to an article on the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day.

      He went on to read that article and gave a rather exhaustive commentary in response to each and every paragraph. Should you be interested to read it, you can follow this link:
      https://biblical-christianity.com/what-is-the-difference-between-the-sabbath-and-the-lords-day

      Then scroll all the way down.

      By the way, thank you for pointing out what’s important and that is for a sinner to confess Jesus as Lord of his life and believe that Jesus died for our sins and rose again to conquer death and hell.

      Blessings …

  3. You’re rockin’ it Alice.

    Love your answers. Totally Biblical. One of your commentors must be Jewish, that’s the only reason I can think that they would say “First four doctrines are totally anti-biblical.”

    On the other side of that, even the Old Testament speaks (in not so many words) of the Son and the Spirit.

    1. Hello Wayne,

      Thank you so much for your encouragement, I really need it.

      Yeah, Saqib Yeshu might be Jewish because Jews do not believe that God exists in 3 persons and that Jesus is the Messiah and is God .

      When I put up this website I knew I would face a lot of opposition not only from other religious affiliations but even from fellow Christians who differ in some minor theology.

      But that’s okay. Like I always say, people who teach the word (like myself) will give an account to God when they will stand before Him to be judged.

      Thanks again, God bless!

    1. Hi Martin, thank you for taking time to leave your thoughts. I just wished you have given me the reasons why you do not believe that God exists in Three Persons and why you reject the dual nature of Christ.

      We may not find the word Trinity in the Bible and we also do not read Jesus directly claiming to be God but if you would just honestly seek the truth, read the Bible and interpret them in their proper context, I’m sure there will be no room left for disagreement in as far as the major doctrines of Christianity are concerned.

      Of course, there are areas where Christians do not see eye to eye such as what kind of music we should sing at church, or which day should the church gather together, or if Christians are commanded to tithe.

      These are considered minor doctrines and do not have any bearing on one’s salvation. But to not believe that Jesus is God? Jesus Himself said that unless we believe that He is who He claimed to be, we will die in our sins (John 8:24).

      Jesus is basically saying that if we do not believe He is God, we cannot have eternal life.

      In regards to the Trinity, the late Dr. Walter Martin when refuting a Jehovah Witness said that anyone who reads the New Testament and does not see that God exists in three persons is like looking at the clear blue sky and not believe it’s going to be a beautiful sunny day.

      I hope you will come back Martin so we can have a healthy sharing and discussion. God bless.

  4. Great Site… As soon I got available time… I will share Insights too… God bless and more power Alice…

    1. Thanks Ramil. Looking forward to working with you in spreading the love of God through the internet using this platform that God has blessed me with. God bless you!

  5. The Scripture – It is entirely inerrant and sufficient for all Christian life. My question is, as to what aspect this statement is correct? I want to hear you, Alice.

    1. Hi Jimmy, great question.

      Before I’ll answer your question, I believe it is important that we first properly define the terms.

      The reason the inerrancy of Scriptures is often attacked and has become a hotly debated topic even among evangelicals is because the very people who use the terms do not see eye to eye on what it really means.

      When we say that the Bible is inerrant, we’re saying that it is completely true and contains no errors in the original autographs; so it is trustworthy in all of its teachings.

      Wayne Grudem (Systematic Theology) has a solid working definition of inerrancy: “The inerrancy of Scripture means that Scripture in the original manuscripts does not affirm anything that is contrary to fact.”

      What is affirmed in this definition is that a perfect God moved human authors, by His Spirit, to perfectly transcribe what He wanted to communicate.

      We may not have any of the original writings of Scriptures today, but we have many copies of each book. Yes, there maybe differences here and there but we are confident that no essential doctrine was altered or affected. The issue of inerrancy is not precision but truthfulness.

      What about the sufficiency of Scriptures? The sufficiency of Scriptures means that the Bible alone (Sola Scriptura) is enough or sufficient for man to know everything about God and His plan for the human race.

      In other words, God has given mankind all things that are necessary for the proper understanding of who God is, what God has done in the past and what He expects from us. It means that we don’t need anymore special revelation.

      While the Bible does not tell us all the informations available from other books such as instructions on mental health and skills at living, the Bible is sufficient to equip believers for Christian life and service, it is sufficient to give the wisdom that leads to salvation and to enable the godly person to be “adequate and equipped for every good work” (2 Timothy 3:15-17).

      What about you Jimmy, what’s your take on this topic?

      1. As a brief aside, knowledgeable Jewish persons actually do believe that there is a plurality in the ‘Godhead’. One only needs to study the Zohar, ancient Rabbinic commentaries on the Tanach (Torah, Neviim, Ketuvim), the Mishnaic writings and even portions of the Talmud to know that there are Jewish people who do believe in a/the Triune Nature of Jehovah. http://www.layevangelism.com/qreference/chapter10e.htm#Top of Page

        1. The teaching of the Trinity is Found in Jewish Targums (O.T. in Armaic) and commentaries such as the Zohar. These Jewish sages taught that God appears in the form of three persons of the Godhead, three manifestations or three emanations.45/93-94

        2. This fact indicates that the Jews rejection of Christianity up until the second century was not because of the teaching of the Trinity. They understood that the Messiah would be the Son of God. That is why so many Jews did accept him.
        It was not until the rebellion against Rome in AD 135 that this changed. During the threeyears of battle for Jewish independence led by the general Simeon Bar Kochba, many of his followers (including the famous Rabbi Akiba)
        declared that Bar Kochba was Israel’s true messiah.45/93-94

        This forced Jewish Christians to withdraw from the Jewish forces fighting against Rome since they could only follow and give allegiance to the true Messiah: Jesus. Jewish Christians who took this stand were considered treasonous and therefore no longer welcome in the synagogues. This division between Jews and Christians has lasted for 2,000 years.

        Why First Century Jews Accepted Jesus as God:

        1. Jewish Targums, read in the synagogues, gave an understanding of the triune nature of God. God was taught as “Three in One” by Rabbis Simon ben Jochai and Eliezer.

        2.The Zohar

        The Zohar is a book that was written by Rabbi Simon ben Jochai and his son Rabbi Eliezer in the years following the Roman army’s destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in A. D. 70.

        In the Zohar the following statements about God are made: “How can they (the three) be One? Are they verily One, because we call them One?” “How Three can be One, can only be known through the revelation of the Holy Spirit.”46/43/verse 22 Rabbi Simeon ben Jochai instructed his son as follows: “Come and see the mystery of the word hw:hoyÒ, Yehovah: there are three steps, each existing by itself; nevertheless they are One, and so united that one cannot be separated from the other.”47/65

        He later indicated in another passage that these three steps as revealed in Elohim !yhiloa> (God) are three substantivebeings or three divine persons united in one.

        3. In another book written by Rabbi Simeon, known as The Propositions of the Zohar, records the mystery of the Shechinah glory of God in these words.

        “… the exalted Shechinah comprehends the Three highest Sephiroth; of Him (God) it is said, (Ps. 62:11), “God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this.” Once and twice means the Three exalted Sephiroth, of whom it is said: Once, once, and once; that is, Three united in One. This is the mystery.”471/113

        4. Another extraordinary reference to the Trinity is found in the Zohar:

        “Here is the secret of two names combined which are completed by a third and become one again. ‘And God said Let us make Man.’ It is written, ‘The secret of the Lord is to them that fear him’ (Psalm 25:14). That most reverend Elder opened an exposition of this verse by saying ‘Simeon Simeon, who is it that said: “Let us make man?”

        Who is this Elohim?’ With these words the most reverend Elder vanished before anyone saw him … Truly now is the time to expound this mystery, because certainly there is here a mystery which hitherto it was not permitted to divulge, but now we perceive that permission is given.’

        He then proceeded: ‘We must picture a king who wanted severalbuildings to be erected, and who had an architect in his service who did nothing save with his consent. The king is the supernal wisdom above, the Central Column being the king below: Elohim is the architect above … and Elohim is also the architect below, being as such the Divine Presence (Shekinah) of the lower world.’”48/90-91

        Other Rabbis:

        Rabbi Eliezar Hakkalir, AD 70, taught the doctrine of three distinct beings revealed in the Godhead in his commentary on Genesis 1:1. He wrote:

        “When God created the world, He created it through the Three Sephiroth, namely, through Sepher, Sapher and Vesaphur, by which the Three twywh (Beings) are meant . . . The Rabbi, my Lord Teacher of blessed memory, explained Sepher, Sapher, and Sippur, to be synonymous to Ya, Yehovah, and Elohim meaning to say, that the world was created by these three names.”49/28-29

        Rabbi Bechai, in his commentary on Genesis 1:1 (p. 1, col. 2) explained that the word Elohim !yhiloa> is compounded of two words, !h and la, that is, “These are God.” The plural is expressed by the letter yod ( y ).

        The Shema:

        “Hear, O Israel! Yehovah our-Elohim, Yehovah is one!” Deuteronomy 6:4)

        In this passage Moses first uses the singular name of God, hw:hoyÒ Yehovah, then the plural name, !yhiloa> God, and then again the singular name, hw:hoyÒ Yehovah, and concluded with Hebrew dja meaning: One. This biblical statement declares that there is only one God which both Jews and Christians agree on. The term included Elohim indicates the nature of God as three in one. Jewish books written during the captivity in Babylon in 536 B.C. to the destruction of the Second Temple in AD 70 taught the mystery of the Trinity based on this very passage in Deuteronomy 6:4.

        The Zohar teaches:

        “We have said in many places, that this daily form of prayer is one of those passages concerning the Unity, which is taught in the Scriptures. In Deut. 6:4, we read first h/:hyÒ Yehovah, then, !yhiloa> our God, and again, h/:hyÒ Yehovah, which together make one Unity. But how can three Names [three beings] be one? Are they verily one,
        because we call them one? How three can be one can only be known through the revelation of the Holy Spirit, and, in fact, with closed eyes.

        This is also the mystery of the voice. The voice is heard only as one sound, yet it consists of three substances, fire, wind, and water, but all three are one, as indicated through the mystery of the voice. Thus are (Deut. 6:4) ‘Yehovah our-Elohim, Yehovah is one!,’ but One Unity, three Substantive Beings which are One; and this is
        indicated by the voice which are One; and this is indicated by the voice which a person uses in reading the words, ‘Hear, O Israel,’ thereby comprehending with the understanding the most perfect Unity of Him who is infinite; because all three (Jehovah, Elohim, Jehovah) are read with one voice, which indicates a Trinity.”48/90-91

        Another Rabbi Menachem of Recanati wrote in his Commentary on the Pentateuch about the mystery of the Trinity. He wrote: “These are secrets which are revealed only to those who are reaping upon the holy field, as it is written ‘The secret of the Lord is with them that fear Him’” (Psalms 25:14).

        On Deuteronomy 6:4 he wrote concerning the Trinity:

        “‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.’ This verse is the root of our faith, therefore Moses records it after the ten commandments. The reason (that there is said hw:hoyÒ, Lord, !yhiloa>, our God, and hw:hoyÒ, Lord) is, because the word [mv does not here signify ‘Hear;’ but ‘to gather together, to unite,’ as in 1 Samuel
        15:4, ‘Saul gathered together the people.’

        The meaning implied is The Inherent-Ones are so united together, one in the other without end, they being the exalted God. He mentions the three names mystically to indicate the three exalted original Ones.”50/267

        Let Us Make Man in Our Image

        In Genesis 1:26 God said, “Let Us make man in Our image.” Then in Genesis 1:27 Moses records “And Elohim created man in His image, in the image of Elohim He created him; male and female He created them,” thus making it plain that the Us in verse 26 is clearly referring to God, not to angels as some people speculate. God makes plain in verse 26 that He is the Three in One.

        Moses wrote in Genesis 11:5, “And Yehovah came down to see the city,” using the singular noun. Yet in verse 7 is used the plural noun which is Yehovah again indicating the plurality of His nature when He said, “Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.”

        Another passage in the Zohar indicates clearly that the Jewish sages understood the Trinity nature of God:

        “The fourth precept is to acknowledge that the Lord is God, as we read: ‘Know this day, and lay it to thy heart that Yehovah [h/;hy]], he is Elohim’ [!yhiloa>] (Deuteronomy 4:39); namely, to combine the name Elohim “God” with the name Jehovah “Lord” in the consciousness that they form an indivisible unity.”48/51

        “All those supernal lights exist in their image below some of them in their image below upon the earth; but in themselves they are all suspended in the ‘firmament of the heaven.’ Here is the secret of two names combined which are completed by a third and become one again. ‘And God said, Let us make Man ….’”48/90-91

        Psalm 2:7:
        “You are My Son, today I have begotten You”

        Rabbi Simeon ben Jochai commenting on the Zohar:

        “There is a perfect Man, who is an Angel. This Angel is Metatron, the Keeper of Israel; He is a man in the image of the Holy One, blessed be He, who is an Emanation from Him; yea, He is Jehovah; of Him cannot be said, He is created, formed or made; but He is the Emanation from God. This agrees exactly with what is written, Jeremiah 23:5-6, Of jmx dwd, David’s Branch, that though He shall be a perfect man, yet He is ‘The Lord our Righteousness.’”51

        The ancient Jewish sages understood the divine nature of the Son of God without question.

        The Trinity Was Also Taught in the Ancient Jewish Targums

        A targum is a translation of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic. After being in captivity to Babylon for 70 years the Jews, with the exception of the priests, forgot the Hebrew language and were now fluent in Aramaic. As a result a paraphrase and commentary on the Torah was written in Aramaic so the people could be instructed. The
        two major Targums were the Targum of Jonathan and the Targum of Onkelos both written by Jonathan ben Uziel.

        Genesis 19:24 states, “Then Yehovah rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Yehovah out of heaven,” The Targum describes Yehovah (hw:hoyÒ) in this passage as “the Word of the Lord,” which we have already indicated is referring to the Son of God.

        Exodus 3:14 states, “And Elohim said to Moses, ‘I AM WHO I AM;’ and He said, ‘Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, “Yehovah has sent me to you.”’” The Targum on Exodus 3:14 uses the same title: “the Word of the Lord” to describe God. The Jerusalem Targum on Exodus 3:14 reads as follows:

        “And the Word of the Lord said unto Moses: I am He who said unto the world, Be! and it was: and who in the future shall say to it, Be! and it shall be. And He said Thus thou shalt say to the Children of Israel: ‘I Am hath sent me unto you.’”52

        The Angel of Yehovah And the Angel of the Covenant

        Genesis 22:11 “But the Angel-of-Yehovah.hw:hy] &a’l]m’] appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed.

        So Moses said, I must turn aside now, and see this marvelous sight, why the bush is not burned up. When Yehovah3068 saw that he turned aside to look, Elohim called to him from the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses! And he said, ‘Here I am.’”

        Moses in this passage clearly indicates that the Angel of Yehovah is Yehovah. Rabbi Moses ben Nachman pointed out this fact:

        “It is said: ‘An Angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire,’ and (Elohim) !yhiloa>, ‘God called unto him.’ This is all one, namely, whether he saith The Angel, or (Elohim) !yhiloa>, ‘God spake to him out of the midst of the bush’. . . Therefore be not astonished that Moses hid his face before this Angel; because this Angel mentioned here is the Angel, the Redeemer, concerning whom it is written; ‘I am the God of Bethel;’ and here, ‘I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ It is the same of whom it is said, ‘My name is in Him.’53

        References:

        45. Jeffrey, Grant R. The Handwriting of God.
        Toronto, Ontario Canada: Frontier Research
        Publications, Inc., © 1997 by Grant R. Jeffrey.
        46. Zohar. Vol. ii.
        471. Rabbi Simeon ben Jochai. The Propositions
        of the Zohar. cap. 38, Amsterdam edition.
        47. Zohar. Vol iii. Amsterdam edition.
        48. Zohar. Vol 1. Soncino Press edition.
        49. Rabbi Eliezer Hakkalir. The Book of Creation.
        50. Rabbi Menachem. Commentary on the
        Pentateuch. Venice edition.
        51. Rabbi Simeon ben Jochai. The Propositions
        of the Zohar. cap. 38, Amsterdam edition.
        52. Jonathon ben Uziel. Jerusalem Targum.
        Before Christ BC.
        53. Rabbi Moses ben Nachman

        1. Hi Anon,

          Thank you so much for sharing with me and the readers all these great information. I truly appreciate you taking the time to do this.

          I will be looking at every single one of these more closely.

          Shalom and may God bless you more.

        2. Shalom, and thank you for all of this information.

          They were quite enlightening. I know I didn’t understand them completely yet, but I’ll do some research with the help of the references.

          The only thing that might make me hesitate to do so is that I am a bit wary of reading into Kabbalistic studies without cultural and ritual preparation.

          It feels to me that reading into Kabbalistic works with my fallible reasoning and understanding could lead me to profane holy concepts even just by understanding them wrong.

          At least, if anything, just these quotes reminded me of how little I know of the scriptures.

          1. Hi Ruth,

            I’m glad that you find Anon’s well-researched information helpful. I admire your interest in wanting to know more. I hope you will get the information you’re looking for.

            You have all the right to be cautious though.

            God bless!

    1. The first four are totally anti-biblical? Wow Saqib, I’m not sure we’re reading from the same Bible. Anyway, I know I did not cite the verses for each doctrine but if you would just take time to read the Bible and ask guidance and illumination from the Holy Spirit, I’m sure you’ll also come up with these 5 major doctrines of the Christian faith.

      I will be writing about each of these doctrines in my succeeding articles. May the good Lord bless and keep you, shalom!

    1. Hi Dan,

      Thanks for stopping by, but I am not a Seventh Day Adventist. As a matter of fact, I have a post about the difference between the Sabbath and the Lord’s Day wherein I refuted the claim of Sabbatarians that the Sabbath Day has been changed to Sunday.

      Here it is: https://biblical-christianity.com/what-is-the-difference-between-the-sabbath-and-the-lords-day

      I am a follower of Christ who has been saved by His amazing grace. My Church affiliation? I belong to a full gospel, Bible-believing and Spirit-filled Christian Church who hold to the Bible as the final authority.

      By the way, what made you think that I am a Seventh Day Adventist? The Doctrines that I have enumerated are all based on the Bible.

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